Cycloramphus fuliginosus Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Cycloramphidae > Genus: Cycloramphus > Species: Cycloramphus fuliginosus

Cycloramphus fulginosus Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 81. Syntypes: MNHNP 750 (2 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 26; MNHNP 750 designated lectotype by Heyer, 1983, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 30: 262. Type locality: "India"; corrected to "Brésil" by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 455; corrected to the region of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by Bokermann, 1951, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 81. Considered by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 95, to be "provàvelmente da cidade de Rio de Janeiro ou arredores", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. See comment.

Cycloramphus fuliginosusDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 455. Incorrect subsequent spelling but now prevailing usage. See comment.

Pithecopsis fuliginosusDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 455. Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 22.

Grypiscus umbrinus Cope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 208. Holotype: MCZ 408 (now MCZ 1497 according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 270; and Heyer, 1983, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 30: 306). Type locality: "Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 43.

Cyclorhamphus fuliginosusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 169. Barbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 407.

Iliodiscus lutzi Miranda-Ribeiro, 1929, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 5: 15. Types: Not designated, presumably MNRJ although not noted in list of Miranda-Ribeiro types in MNRJ by P. Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 389-417. Type locality: "S. Paulo, Alto da Serra", São Paulo, Brazil; given as lower slopes of Petrópolis mountains, Brazil, by Heyer, 1983, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 30: 306. Named as a junior synonym of Cycloramphus fuliginosus Lutz, 1929. Also, synonymy by Bokermann, 1951, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 81. See Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 69, for discussion of confusion.

Grypiscus fuliginosusMiranda-Ribeiro, 1935, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 19: 416.

Grypiscus lutziMiranda-Ribeiro, 1935, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 19: 415.

Grypsicus scleromeris Miranda-Ribeiro, 1935, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 19: 416. Holotype: IOC, by original designation; now in MNRJ. Type locality: "S. da Bocaina", Brazil. Name proposed as a junior synonym ("nom. nov.") for Grypiscus umbrinus Lutz. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1951, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 81. See Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 42, for discussion.

Cycloramphus umbrinusCochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 266.

English Names

Tschudi's Button Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 71).

Distribution

Atlantic coastal forest from southeastern Bahia to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Comment

See comment under Cycloramphus juimirim. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 81, provided a brief account and photo. Note that Tschudi spelled the specific name "fulginosus", not "fuliginosus" as by all subsequent authors. Nevertheless, the current Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999), Art. 33.3.1, preserves the "prevailing usage", which is clearly "fuliginosus".

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.