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Craugastorinae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae
132 species

Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 1. Type genus: Craugastor Cope, 1862, by original designation.

CraugastorinaePyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 565.

Strabomantidae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 95. Type genus: Strabomantis Peters, 1863, by original designation. Synonymy by Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 52. 

Strabomantinae — Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 103. 

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Southern Arizona to central Texas (USA) and south through tropical and subtropical habitats to northwestern Ecuador and Colombia, northern Venezuela, Ecuador, eastern Peru, and western Brazil.

Comment

See comment under Craugastoridae. Former Strabomantinae was removed from Brachycephalidae by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 95. Association of AtopophrynusDischidodactylusEuparkerella, and Geobatrachus was made provisionally with this taxon by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 1-182, substantially on the basis of geography (p. 97). Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 52: 911-915, provided molecular evidence that this taxon may not be monophyletic. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, redelimited this taxon to just Strabomantis, as a subfamily of Crausgastoridae, and suggested that it does not form a monophyletic group with Holoadeninae, but more likely with Hypodactylus. Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 1-132, reformulated Craugastorinae to include solely Haddadus, Craugaster, and Strabomantis. 

Contained taxa (132 sp.):

External links:

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