Ceratophrys cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratophryidae > Genus: Ceratophrys > Species: Ceratophrys cornuta

Rana cornuta Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 212. Type(s): Including frog figured by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: pl. 72, figs. 1-2. (See Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1 for image of NHRM type.) Type locality: "Virginia"; in error.

Bufo cornutusLaurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 25.

Buffo cornutaLacépède, 1788, Hist. Nat. Quadrup. Ovip. Serpens, 16mo ed., 2: 367, 461. Lacépède, 1788, Hist. Nat. Quadrup. Ovip. Serpens, Quarto ed., 1: table after page 618, and referencing account starting on page 603.

Pipa cornataOken, 1816, Lehrb. Naturgesch., 3(2): 211.

Rana megastoma Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 27. Syntypes: Not specifically designated, although including animal figured in pl. 4, fig. 1 of the original and at least 2 specimens originally in ZSM; the remaining syntype, ZSM 1056/0 designated lectotype by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 358. See comments by Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 175. Type locality: "juxta flumen Solimoens"; corrected to "Castro de Avelães, the present Amatura, on the right margin of the Solimões at 03° 29′ S, 68° 06′ W", Brazil, by Vanzolini, 1981, in Adler (ed.), Herpetol. Brazil Spix and Wagler: xxvi. Synonymy with Ceratophrys daudini Cuvier by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 440. Synonymy by Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 82 (with Phrynoceros vaillanti); Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 204; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 224.

Stombus cornutusGravenhorst, 1825, Isis von Oken, 1825: 921.

Stombus megastomusGravenhorst, 1825, Isis von Oken, 1825: 921.

Ceratophris spixii Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 106. Substitute name for Rana megastoma Spix.

Ceratophris daudini Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 106. Holotype: Not stated, based on "Daudin, xxxviii" (not Daudin, 1802—DRF); MNHNP 692, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 26. Type localities: Not stated; given as Surinam, Guiana, by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 37. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 24; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 224.

Ceratophrys megastomaWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 204. Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 25.

Ceratophrys cornutaSchlegel, 1837, Abbild. Neuer Unvollst. Amph., 1: 29.

Phrynoceros vaillanti Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 44, 82. Types: Not designated, presumably MHNN. Type locality: "Surinam". Synonymy with Ceratophrys daudini by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 440. Synonymy by Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 204; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 224.

Ceratophrys cornutaPeters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 204.

Ceratophrys (Stombus) cornutaLynch, 1982, Syst. Zool., 31: 166-179.

English Names

Horned Frog (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 160).

Horned Toad (Lacépède, 1802, Nat. Hist. Ovip. Quadruped. (Kerr transl.): 316).

Bell's Ceratophrys (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 77).

Amazonian Horned Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 78).

Surinam Horned Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 71).

Distribution

Amazonian Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and the Guianas.

Comment

See accounts by Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 86; and Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 366-368 Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 52–53, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 39, provided the Bolivian citation. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 200-201, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. See comment under Ceratophrys calcarata. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 84-87.See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 385, for brief account and records for Guyana. Faivovich, Nicoli, Blotto, Pereyra, Baldo, Barrionuevo, Fabrezi, Wild, and Haddad, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 207–227, suggested that this species is the sister taxon of Ceratophrys calcarata

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