Basic Search [?]

Guided Search [?]

Platymantis Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratobatrachidae > Genus: Platymantis
70 species

Cornufer Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 28. Type species: Halophila vitiensis Girard, 1853, by subsequent designation of the International Commission (Opinion 1104, Anonymous, 1978, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 34: 222), which also endorsed precedence of Platymantis over Cornufer when considered subjective synonyms. Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1104, Anonymous, 1978, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 34: 222.

Phyllodytes Gistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierr.: xi. Replacement name for Cornufer Tschudi, 1838. Preoccupied by Phyllodytes Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 202.

Halophila Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 423. Type species: Halophila vitiensis Günther, 1859, by designation of Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 247. Preoccupied by Halophila Gray, 1843, in Dieffenbach (ed.), Travels in New Zealand, 2: 292. Synonymy with Cornufer by Boulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 372

Platymantis Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 327. Type species: Platymantis plicifera Günther, 1858 (= Hylodes corrugatus Duméril, 1853), by subsequent designation of Zweifel, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 120. Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1104, Anonymous, 1978, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 34: 222.

HalophilusBoulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 372. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Halophila Girard, 1853.

English Names

Wrinkled Ground Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 104).


New Guinea (Papua and Indonesia); Philippines; Fiji; Bismarck, Admiralty, Palau, and Solomon Islands.


Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 225-285, suggested that Platymantis, Discodeles, 'and related genera' (by implication Ceratobatrachus, and Palmatorappia) were derived from the (then) subgenus Euphlyctis of Rana. Brown, 1965, Breviora, 218: 1-16, provided a key to the species of the Solomon Islands Brown and Alcala, 1974, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 113: 5-8, provided a key to the Philippine species. Brown and Tyler, 1968, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 81: 69-86, reviewed the species from New Britain. Zweifel, 1969, Am. Mus. Novit., 2374: 1-19, reviewed the New Guinea species. Gorham, 1965, Zool. Beitr., Berlin, 11: 381-435, provided synonymies for species to 1965. Zweifel, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 117-121, discussed the name Platymantis in place of the name Cornufer. Kuramoto, 1985, Amphibia-Reptilia, 6: 355-361, discussed karyological evolution. Brown, Brown, and Alcala, 1997, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 49: 405-421, reported on the Platymantis hazelae group (Platymantis cornutus, Platymantis hazelae, Platymantis montanus, Platymantis panayensis, Platymantis polilloensis, Platymantis isarog, Platymantis subterrestris) in the Philippines, and provided diagnoses for the Platymantis guentheri group and the Platymantis dorsalis group in the Philippines. Brown, Alcala, Diesmos, and Alcala, 1997, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 50: 1-20, discussed the species in the Platymantis guentheri group. Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., made it clear that he regarded the generic name as feminine, although most subsequent authors treated it as masculine. Most recently, Günther, 1999, Mitt. Mus. Naturkd. Berlin, Zool., 75: 327-328, considered Platymantis to be of feminine gender, although Kraus and Allison, 2007, Zootaxa, 1485: 29-30, rejected this after discussion of the Greek root and the relevant articles in the Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Alcala and Brown, 1999, Philipp. J. Sci., 128: 281-287, discussed the species and species groups in the Philippines. Bossuyt, Brown, Hillis, Cannatella, and Milinkovitch, 2006, Syst. Biol., 55: 579-594, provided evidence suggesting that Platymantis is nonmonophyletic, with some exmplars forming the sister taxon of Batrachylodes and at least one species (Platymantis papuensis) forming the sister taxon of Ceratobatrachus; they did not make any taxonomic changes on the basis of these data, however. Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: 83-84, discussed the paraphyly of the genus on morphological grounds and possibility of a generic partition, as well as providing a key to the species of New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, New Britain, and the Solomons. Brown and Gonzalez, 2007, Copeia, 2007: 252. suggested that the delimitations of the Platymantis guentheri and Platymantis dorsalis groups would require eventual revision. Wiens, Sukumaran, Pyron, and Brown, 2009, Evolution, 63: 1217-1231, suggested that Platymantis is paraphyletic with respect to Discodeles, but provided no nomenclatural remedy. Köhler, Schultze, Günther, and Plötner, 2008, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 46: 177-185, reported on the genetic diversity and relative phylogenetics of Platymantis in western New Guinea. Pikacha, Morrison, and Richards, 2008, Frogs Solomon Islands: 45-56, provided a key and brief accounts for the species of the Solomon Islands. Siler, Welton, Siler, Brown, Bucol, Diesmos, and Brown, 2011, Check List, 7: 182-195, reported 3 unnamed species from Aurora Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences confirmed the paraphyly of Platymantis, but provided no remedy. One possible easy solution would be to to consider relevant members of "Platymantis" and Batrachylodes Boulenger, 1887, Ceratobatrachus Boulenger, 1884, and Discodeles Boulenger, 1918, to form a larger, monophyletic Ceratobatrachus that is the sister taxon of Platymantis (sensu stricto) (DRF). Siler, Swab, Oliveros, Diesmos, Averia, Alcala, and Brown, 2012, Check List, 8: 443-462, noted two unnamed species in the Romblon Group of the central Philippines.

Contained taxa (70 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.