Sclerophrys pardalis (Hewitt, 1935)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys pardalis

Bufo regularis pardalis Hewitt, 1935, Rec. Albany Mus., 4: 288. Syntypes: AMG (2 specimens), by original designation; now in PEM. Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 54, reported the "holotype" as being in the PEM; this may constitute a lectotype designation by implication. PEM A837 (formerly AMG 7248) designated lectotype by Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 55–57, who commented on the type series. Type locality: "Gleniffer, Kei Road, C[ape]. P[rovince].", Rep. South Africa.

Bufo pardalisPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 59.

Amietophrynus pardalisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys pardalis — Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9.

English Names

Snoring Toad (Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 85; Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 97; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 4; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 76).

Leopard Toad (Rose, 1950, Rep. Amph. S. Afr.: 98; Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 94; Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 4; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 76; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 90).

August Toad (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 4; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 76).

Gleniffer Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Eastern Leopard Toad (Burger, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 75; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 150-151).

Distribution

Thorveld and open savanna in extreme southeastern Western Cape Province through southern Eastern Cape Province to Albert Falls, 20 km north of Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal Province, Rep. South Africa, below 1500 m elevation.

Comment

In the Bufo regularis group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 60. In the Bufo latifrons group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159. See comment under Bufo pantherinus, with which it was formerly confused. See accounts by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 54-55, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 90, Burger, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 75-76, Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 514-517, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 150-151. Eick, Harley, and Cherry, 2001, J. Herpetol., 35: 113-114, provided molecular evidence for the distinctiveness of this taxon. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 134, reported on comparative tadpole morphology.

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