Rhinella azarai (Gallardo, 1965)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella azarai

Bufo granulosus azarai Gallardo, 1965, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 134: 120. Holotype: BMNH 1955.1.5.47, by original designation. Type locality: "Primavera, Upper Paraguay, Paraguay".

Rhinella azaraiNarvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 29.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Lowlands of Posada, Misiones, Argentina, into adjacent western Mato Grosso, Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, and eastern Paraguay.

Comment

R.I. Crombie In Hoogmoed, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 47, reported Rhinella azarai (as Bufo granulosus azarai) to approach Rhinella granulosa (as Bufo granulosus granulosus) without evidence of intergradation. Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 1–73, revised the Rhinella granulosa group, documented this species, and provided a species account. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 18, briefly discussed the range of Rhinella granulosa azarai (now Rhinella azarai) and Rhinella granulosa major (now Rhinella major) in Paraguay. Sugai, Souza, Uetanabaro, and Landgref, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 440, provided a record for Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and commented on the range. Blotto, Pereyra, and Baldo, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 434–438, reported on larval morphology. Guerra, Baldo, Rosset, Borteiro, and Kolenc, 2011, Zootaxa, 3092: 26–42, reported on the advertisement and release calls. Simon, Machado, and Marroig, 2016, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 283 (20161783): 1–10, reported on skull evolution within the Rhinella granulosa group and provided a dot map.  

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