Rhinella arunco (Molina, 1782)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella arunco

Rana arunco Molina, 1782, Saggio Stor. Nat. Chili: 216. Types: Not designated or known to exist. Type locality: "Chili"; given as "Penco, Talcahuano (Concepción)", Chile, by Cei, 1962, Batr. Chile: 45.

Bufo aruncoSchneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 226; Cei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 82-92.

Bufo chilensis Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 51, 88. Syntypes: MNHNP 4932 (Coquimbo, Chili), 4933-34 (Chili), 4935-35a (Valapaiso); restricted (apparently) to MNHNP 4935 (from Valapaiso) by Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 115. Type locality: "Chili"; restricted to Valapaiso, Chile, by Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 115, by lectotype designation. Synonymy by Cei, 1972 "1971", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 28: 93 (but employed the name Bufo chilensis) and Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 115.

Bufo chilensisDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 678.

Pleurodema aruncoGirard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 420.

Phryne chilensisFitzinger, 1861 "1860", Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 42: 415.

Bufo spinulosus aruncoCei, 1962 "1961", Invest. Zool. Chilen., 7: 59-81.

Bufo arunco aruncoCei, 1962 "1961", Invest. Zool. Chilen., 7: 77.

Bufo spinulosus chilensisGallardo, 1965, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 17: 62.

Chaunus aruncoFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364; Savage and Bolaños, 2009, Zootaxa, 2005: 4, by implication.

Rhinella aruncoChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 211, by implication.

Rhinella chilensisPramuk, Robertson, Sites, and Noonan, 2008, Global Ecol. Biogeograph., 17: 76.

English Names

Arunco (Shaw, 1802, Gen. Zool., 3(1): 175).

Concepcion Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40).

Distribution

Central Chilean arid steppe from Huentelauquén (Región do Coquimbo) to Puren (Region de La Araucanía), Chile.

Comment

In the Bufo spinulosus group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 57. Considered a senior synonym of Rhinella spinulosa (as Bufo) by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 274, and Cei, 1962, Batr. Chile: 45, but recognized as a distinct species by Cei, 1972 "1971", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 28: 91; and Cei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 83 (as Bufo chilensis). Veloso, Sallaberry-Ayerza, Correa-Quezada, and Méndez, 2012, J. Herpetol., 46: 568-577, discussed hybridization with Rhinella atacamensisCorrea-Quezada, Méndez-Torres, Araya, Lobos, and Palma, 2013, Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat., 86: 115-125, reported on hybridization with Rhinella atacamensis. See Lobos, Vidal-Maldonado, Correa-Quezada, Labra-Lillo, Díaz-Páez, Charrier, Rabanal, Díaz, and Tala, 2013, Anf. Chile Conserv. 1–104, for photograph, comments on conservation status, and range. 

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