Rhinella achavali (Maneyro, Arrieta, and de Sá, 2004)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella achavali

Bufo achavali Maneyro, Arrieta, and de Sá, 2004, J. Herpetol., 38: 161. Holotype: ZVCB 3779, by original designation. Type locality: "outskirts of Pueblo Valentines (33° 16′ S, 55° 07′ W), Departamento de Treinta ye Tres, Uruguay".

Chaunus achavaliFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364; Savage and Bolaños, 2009, Zootaxa, 2005: 4, by implication..

Rhinella achavaliChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 211, by implication.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Known only from the vicinity of small streams in the hills of Cuchilla de Haedo (north-central Uruguay on the Brazil line) and Cuchilla Grande in east-central Uruguay; throughout the hillis central part of Rio Grando do Sul to south-central Santa Catarina, Brazil. 

Comment

In the Bufo marinus group, most similar to Bufo rufus, according to the original publication. Kwet, Di-Bernardo, and Maneyro, 2006, Iheringia, Zool., 96: 479-485, discussed the range, provided the first records for Brazil, and provided a key to distinguish this species from other members of the Rhinella marina group. Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 95-121, noted that the species is most similar to Rhinella rubescens and Rhinella arenarum. Vallinoto, Sequeira, Sodré, Bernardi, Sampaio, and Schneider, 2010, Zool. Scripta, 39: 128-140, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the Rhinella marina group, including this species. Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 10, provided for the Uruguayan population a brief account and photograph (as Bufo arenarum). Vallinoto, Sequeira, Sodré, Bernardi, Sampaio, and Schneider, 2010, Zool. Scripta, 39: 128-140, and Maciel, Garcia, Colli, and Schwartz, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 57: 787-797, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the Rhinella marina group, including this species. Kolenc, Borteiro, Cotichelli, Baldo, Martínez-Debat, and Vera Candioti, 2013, J. Herpetol., 47:599-606, reported on the karyotype and larval morphology. Saito, Kunz, and Ambrozio-Assis, 2016, Check List, 12 (3: 1887): 1–4, reported a specimen from Santa Catarina, Brazil, and mapped the range. 

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