Melanophryniscus sanmartini Klappenbach, 1968

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus sanmartini

Melanophryniscus sanmartini Klappenbach, 1968, Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, 9: 3. Holotype: MHNM 1676, by original designation. Type locality: "Villa Serrana, próximo a la represa del arroyo Aiguá, departamento de Lavalleja, República del Uruguay".

English Names

San Martin Redbelly Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Known only from three localities in Uruguay the type locality (Departamento Lavalleja), the Cerro de Animas (Departamento de Maldonado) and Departamento de Rivera, Uruguay; also reported from Pedras Altas and Pinheiro Machado, in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. 


In the Melanophryniscus moreirae group of Cruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 1-11. For discussion see Klappenbach, 1968, Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, 9: 1-12. See Naya and Maneyro, 2001, Cuad. Herpetol., 15: 89-90, for Uruguayan distribution. Langone, 1995 "1994", Mus. Damaso Antonio Larrañaga, Ser. Divulg. 5: 32-33, and Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 18, provided for the Uruguayan population a brief account. Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 95-121, noted that one of the paratypes is of Melanophryniscus orejasmirandai. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 612. Zank, Colombo, Adams, Borba, and Borges-Martins, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6: 555-557, provided the first records from Brazil. 

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