Melanophryniscus montevidensis (Philippi, 1902)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus montevidensis

Phryniscus montevidensis Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 13. Type(s): None designated or known to exist; presumably not in the MNHNC. Type locality: "Montevideo", Uruguay.

Melanophryniscus stelzneri montevidensisKlappenbach, 1968, Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, 9: 2.

Melanophryniscus montevidensisKlappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 175–176.

English Names

Montevideo Redbelly Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).

Distribution

Coastal region in the departments of Canelones, Maldonado, Montevideo, and Rocha, Uruguay; Barra do Chui, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Possibly extending in the sierras and coastal region south of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina (see comment). 

Comment

In the Melanophryniscus stelzneri group of Cruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 1-11. See comment under Melanophryniscus atroluteus. Tedros, Kolenc, and Borteiro, 2001, Cuad. Herpetol., 15: 143, provided the Brazilian record. Langone, 1995 "1994", Mus. Damaso Antonio Larrañaga, Ser. Divulg. 5: 30-31, and Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 16, provided for the Uruguayan population a brief account. Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 95-121, provided comments on range and conservation status. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 196. Baldo in Vaira, Akmentins, Attademo, Baldo, Barrasso, Barrionuevo, Basso, Blotto, Cairo, Cajade, Céspedez, Corbalán, Chilote, Duré, Falcione, Ferraro, Gutierrez, Ingaramo, Junges, Lajmanovích, Lescano, Marangoni, Martinazzo, Marti, Moreno, Natale, Pérez Iglesias, Peltzer, Quiroga, Rosset, Sanabria, Sanchez, Schaefer, Úbeda, and Zaracho, 2012, Cuad. Herpetol., 26 (Supl. 1): 134, suggested that unnamed populations to the south of Buenos Aires, Argentina, may be referrable to this species. 

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