Incilius leucomyos (McCranie and Wilson, 2000)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Incilius > Species: Incilius leucomyos

Bufo leucomyos McCranie and Wilson, 2000, J. Herpetol., 34: 22. Holotype: USNM 349983, by original designation. Type locality: "Quebrada El Pinol at its confluence with Quebrada Las Cantinas (15° 09′ N, 86° 43′ W), Parque Nacional La Muralla, 950 m elevation, Departamento de Olancho, Honduras".

Cranopsis leucomyosFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Ollotis leucomyosFrost, Grant, and Mendelson, 2006, Copeia, 2006: 558, by implication.

Incilius leucomyosFrost, Mendelson, and Pramuk, 2009, Copeia, 2009: 418-419, by implication.

English Names

None noted.


Disjunct populations at low to intermediate elevations (0–1600 m) on the Atlantic versant of north-central Honduras.


In the former Bufo valliceps group, most closely related to Bufo campbelli, according to the original publication. See comment under Incilius campbelli. McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 179-184, provided an account and discussion of previous misidentifications. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 38, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo leucomyos) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 187. Mendelson, Mulcahy, Williams, and Sites, 2011, Zootaxa, 3138: 1-34, suggested that this species is a member of a monophyletic Incilius valliceps group and in a subgroup they referred to as the Forest Group (the name Incilius cristatus subgroup is available—DRF) that includes Incilius aucoinae, Incilius cavifrons, Incilius campbelli, Incilius cristatus, Incilius leucomoyos, Incilius macrocristatus, Incilius melanochlorus, Incilius spiculatus, and Incilius tutelariusKöhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 104–115, compared this species to others in Central America and provided a range map and photograph.

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