Duttaphrynus beddomii (Günther, 1876)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Duttaphrynus > Species: Duttaphrynus beddomii

Bufo beddomii Günther, 1876 "1875", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1875: 569. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.20.55 (formerly 74.4.29.1145), according to A.G.C. Grandison IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 36. Type locality: "Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality, which could be anywhere within the entire region of the Western Ghats.

Bufo travancoricus Beddome, 1878 "1877", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1877: 685. Holotype: Deposit not stated; presumably BMNH or ZSIC. Type locality: "dense moist forest above the Ayen-Coil pass (Travancore), at about 2500 feet elevation", Kerala, India. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 289.

"Bufo" beddomiiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364. Excluded from Bufo and unassigned to genus.

Duttaphrynus beddomiiVan Bocxlaer, Biju, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Evol. Biol., 9 (e131): 1-10, by implication.

English Names

Beddome's Toad (Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 432; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 37; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63).

Distribution

Disjunct populations in dense forests of the southern Western Ghats at 100-1500 m elevation, in the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India.

Comment

Questionably referred to the Bufo stomaticus group by Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 102-118. See Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 432-433, Inger, Shaffer, Koshy, and Bakde, 1984, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 81: 408, Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 43, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 18-19, for accounts. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted that several specimens identified as Bufo beddomii in Indian museums were not referrable to this taxon. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, suggested that this species is not a member of the monophyletic taxon Bufo (the former Bufo bufo group), but could not allocate this species to any of the other genera either, instead leaving this species in a non-taxon "Bufo". Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 100-101, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo beddomii) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 179. S.D. Biju in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 179, noted that records from Maharashtra are based on misidentified specimens. Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 33, provided a very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 22–23, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala. 

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