Bufotes balearicus (Boettger, 1880)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufotes > Species: Bufotes balearicus

Bufo variabilis var. balearica Boettger, 1880, Zool. Anz., 3: 642. Syntypes: SMF; SMF 3722 (formerly 1297.1a) designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 40. Type locality: "in insulis Balearicis Majorca et Minorca", Spain. Given as "Palma, Mallorca, Balearen", Spain, by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 40. See nomenclatural discussion by Novarini and Bonato, 2010, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 5: 37-62.

Bufo viridis var. maculata Camerano, 1884 "1883", Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 35: 233. Types: MZUT. Type locality: "Modica-Sicilia". Presumably a junior synonym of Bufotes boulengeri or Bufotes balearicus (DRF). Junior homonym of Bufo maculatus Hallowell, 1854. Unavailable name due to being coined as a infrasubspecific category according to Novarini and Bonato, 2010, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 5: 37-62.

Bufo viridis balearicusHemmer, Kadel, and Kadel, 1981, Amphibia-Reptilia, 2: 217.

Bufo balearicusStöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 667.

Pseudepidalea balearicaFrost, 2007, Amph. Spec. World, vers. 5.0: . By implication of results of Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365, and Stöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 663-689.

Bufo (Bufotes) balearicusDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25. See comment.

Bufotes balearicusFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6. Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Southern Italy, including Sardinia, Corsica (France), and the Balearic Islands of Spain.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Bufotes viridis by Stöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 663-689, on the basis of molecular data, who noted this is a diploid species. See also account (as Bufo viridis) of Corsica population by Delaguerre and Cheylan, 1992, Atlas Repart. Batr. Rept. Corse: 33-34. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 159-162, provided an account (as Bufo viridis) for the Iberian populations. See comment by Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 176-177, regarding the distribution in the Balearics. El-Oualidi and Jaziri, 2001, Bull. Inst. Scient., Rabat, 23: 1-8, suggested that the population on Corsica is a distinct species (prior to the recognition of Bufotes balearicus). The population of "Bufo viridis" on Malta may be assignable to this species but does not seem to have been addressed by the appropriate authors (DRF). See comment under Bufotes siculus, which was previousl confused with this taxon. See detailed account (as Bufo viridis) by Balletto, Bologna, and Giacoma, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 304-305, for Italian population. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 81-83, provided a brief account for the Balearic populations. Pinya and Carretero, 2011, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 6: 59-80, regarded the populations on the Balearic Islands to represent ancient introductions.

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