Atelopus longirostris Cope, 1868

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Atelopus > Species: Atelopus longirostris

Atelopus longirostris Cope, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 20: 116. Type(s): Not stated, although likely originally in ANSP or USNM; apparently lost as not located in ANSP or USNM according to Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 27. Type locality: "Valley of Quito", Ecuador; probably in error according to Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 28.

Antelopus longirostrisOrton, 1876, Andes and the Amazons: 108. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the generic name.

Phryniscus longirostrisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 153.

Phryniscus boussingaulti Thominot, 1889, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 8, 1: 28. Holotype: MNHNP 207, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 32. Type locality: "entre Latacungua et Guayaquil, au sud de Quito"; considered to be "Equateur" by Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 32. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1890, Zool. Rec., 26: 21; Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 32.

Atelopus longirostrisBoulenger, 1894, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 14: 374–375.

Atelopus longirostris marmorata Werner, 1901, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 51: 600. Types: NHMW, lost according to  Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 43. Type locality: "Ecuador". Considered a nomen dubium by Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 43.

Atelopus longirostris marmoratusRivero, 1963, Caribb. J. Sci., 3: 108.

English Names

Longnose Stubfoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 39).

Scrawny Stubfoot-toad (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 32). 

Distribution

Northwestern lower slopes of the Andes of Ecuador and Chocoan lowlands, in the provinces of Esmeraldas, Imbabura, Cotopaxi, and Pichincha, 1241 to 2159 m elevation. See comment regarding the possibility of occurence in Colombia. 

Comment

In the Atelopus flavescens group of Lynch, 1993, Alytes, 11: 77-87. See Cannatella, 1981, J. Herpetol., 15: 135-137, for discussion, and Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 27-30, for discussion and accounts. Lötters, 1996, Neotrop. Toad Genus Atelopus: 34, discussed controversy over identity of frogs from Colombia (Departamento Valle and Departamento Santander) assigned to this species by other authors. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 136, who regarded the species as extinct. Galvis-Peñuela and Cisneros-Heredia, 2005, in Rueda-Almonacid et al. (eds.), Ranas Arlequines: 53, provided a brief account, opined that the Colombia population might represent a distinction species, and also judged the species extinct in Ecuador. Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 32–33, provided an account for Ecuador and rejected that the species occurs in The Departamento de Valle del Cauda, Colombia, although it seems that the controversy has not been addressed except by repetition. Tapia, Coloma, Pazmiño-Otamendi, and Peñafiel, 2017, Neotropical Biodiversity, 3: 157–167, reported on rediscovery of this nearly extinct frog in Imbabura, Ecuador, and provided natural history observations. 

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