Eleutherodactylus campi (Stejneger, 1915)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus campi

Syrrhophus campi Stejneger, 1915, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 28: 131. Holotype: USNM 52290 by original designation. Type locality: "Brownsville, [Cameron County,] Texas", USA. Synonymy by Lynch, 1970, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 20: 15.

Eleutherodactylus campi — Myers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 198, by implication.

Syrrhophus cystignathoides campi — Lynch, 1970, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 20: 15.

Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides campi — Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 19.

Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) campi —  Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones, and Boissinot, 2018, Mesoam. Herpetol., 5: 66. 

English Names

Rio Grande Chirping Frog ([As Eleutherodactylus cystinathoides] (Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 304; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 13; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 19; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 74; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 9; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 24; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 10).

Camp's Frog (Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides campiStrecker, 1915, Baylor Univ. Bull., 18: addendum; Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: xi; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 60; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 177; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14).

Rio Grande Chirping Frog (Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides campiFrost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 24; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7).

Distribution

Low to moderate elevations from the Rio Grande embayment (Texas, USA), and provisionally to central Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, Mexico (see comment). Commensal in much of residential Southeast Texas north to the Dallas area, northwestern Louisiana, and Mobile, Alabama, USA.  

Comment

 Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones, and Boissinot, 2018, Mesoam. Herpetol., 5: 8–83, who discussed the range, call, comparative morphology, and molecular phylogenetics of this species. These authors recognized this species as distinct from Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides but at the same time mentioned that the southern range limits and contact zone with Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides need additional work, even though the species are distinct on a molecular level.  McCoid, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 332, provided a record (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides, presumably introduced) between Houston and Galveston. Hibbitts and Saenz, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 350, provided a record (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) for Nacogdoches County, Texas, USA, and discussed the expansion of this species as a commensal in East Texas. Cotten and Fitzgerald, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 476, provided a record (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) for San Jacinto County, southeastern Texas, USA.  Williams and Manuel, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 439, provided a record (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) of a presumed introduced population in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, USA. Jackson and Dixon, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 439, provided a record (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) for Bastrop County, Texas, that the authors suggested was evidence of the natural range moving northward.  McConnell, McConnell, Guyer, and Laurencio, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 558–559, provided (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) a record for Mobile County, Alabama, USA. Mock, Oyervides, and Forstner, 2017 "2016", Herpetol. Rev., 47: 622, provided a record (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) for Bandera County, Texas, USA.  Swanson, Lee, Kronick, and Swanson, 2017, Herpetol. Rev., 47: 623, provided (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) a record from Kendall County, Texas, USA, and suggested that some of the records from the Edwards Plateau region may apply to this species rather than Eleutherodactylus marnocki, as previously assumed.  Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 294–295, provided an account (as Eleutherodactylus campi), photos, and advertisement call.  Franklin and Catalán, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 107, provided a record (as Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides) from Dallas County, Texas, USA.

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