Eleutherodactylus antillensis (Reinhardt and Lütken, 1863)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus antillensis

Hylodes antillensis Reinhardt and Lütken, 1863 "1862", Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 4: 209. Syntypes: ZMUC, by original designation; including ZMUC R1182 (St. Croix), R1183-84 (St. John), R177, R1196 (St. Thomas), R1197 (Vieques), according to Schwartz, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 30: 101. Type localities: "St. Croix", "St. Thomas", and "St. Jan" and "Vieques", Virgin Islands.

Eleutherodactylus antillensisStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 591.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) antillensisHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 327; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: 9.

English Names

Antilles Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).

Distribution

Islands of the Puerto Rico Bank; widespread in Puerto Rico at low to intermediate elevations; known from the islands of Vieques, Culebra, St. Thomas, St. John, Tortola, St. Croix, and Virgin Gorda as well as Frenchmans Cay and Guana I.; introduced into Panama.

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group according to Schwartz, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 30: 101. Kaiser, Green, and Schmid, 1994, Canad. J. Zool., 72: 2217–2237, discussed the phylogenetic relationships of this species. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) auriculatus section, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis series, unassigned to species group, according to Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 327. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220. R.I. Crombie In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 271, noted the introduction into Panama. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 189, discussed the introduced population in Panama. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis species series, Eleutherodactylus antillensis species group, Eleutherodactylus antillensis species subgroup of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 57. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) antillensis species series, Eleutherodactylus antillensis species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 129. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 35–36, summarized the natural history literature. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 183–191, provided a key to the species of Eleutherodactylus in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 183–191, provided a key to the species of Eleutherodactylus in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. 

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