Strabomantis cornutus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1870)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Strabomantis > Species: Strabomantis cornutus

Limnophys cornutus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 3: 60. Type(s): Not stated; presumably MNCN. Type locality: "in Ecuador; ad ripas flum. Suno prope S. Jose de Moti"; rendered as Río Suno and San José de Moti, Ecuador, by Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 346.

Limnophys napaeus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 3: 60. Types: Not stated; presumably originally in MNCN; evidently lost according to Lynch and Duellman, 1980, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 69: 21; reported as not lost and holotype given as MNCN 1604 by González-Fernández, García-Díez, and San Segundo, 2009, Spixiana, München, 32: 273. Type locality: "in Ecuador; ad ripas flum. Suno prope S. Jose de Moti"; rendered as Río Suno and San José de Moti, Ecuador, by Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 346; given as " Suno river banks, probably San José de Moti, Orellana province, Ecuador" by González-Fernández, García-Díez, and San Segundo, 2009, Spixiana, München, 32: 273. Synonymy with Strabomantis biporcatus by Jiménez de la Espada, 1872, An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 1: 85; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 220. Synonymy with Limnophys cornutus by Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 38: 24.

Strabomantis cornutusJiménez de la Espada, 1872, An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 1: 85-88.

Hylodes cornutusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 220.

Eleutherodactylus cornutusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication.

Ctenocranius cornutusMelin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 49.

Lithodytes cornutusAndersson, 1945, Ark. Zool., 37A(2): 45.

Eletherodactylus cornutus cornutusRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 55.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) cornutusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154. Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222.

Limnophys cornutusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Strabomantis cornutusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 131.

English Names

Rio Suno Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).

Distribution

Moderate elevation cloud forests (1150-1800 m) along the eastern face of the Eastern Andes from southern Colombia (Caquetá) to southern Ecuador, 1150-1800 m elevation.

Comment

According to account provided by Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 38: 1-46, the name of this species has been broadly misapplied. Most closely related to Eleutherodactylus biporcatus and Eleutherodactylus cerastes according to Lynch and Duellman, 1980, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 69: 21. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) sulcatus series, Eleutherodactylus sulcatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222. See account by Lynch, 1997, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 21: 358. In the Strabomantis biporcatus species series, Strabomantis cornutus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 131. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus colostichos) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 328.

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