Craugastor sandersoni (Schmidt, 1941)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor sandersoni

Eleutherodactylus sandersoni Schmidt, 1941, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 22: 485. Holotype: FMNH 49048 (formerly I.T. Sanderson 504), by original designation. Type locality: "Double Falls, west of Stann Creek, British Honduras [= Belize]".

Craugastor sandersoniCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361.

Craugastor (Craugastor) sandersoniHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

Sanderson's Streamfrog (Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 56).

Sanderson's Rainfrog (Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 72).

Distribution

Caribbean slopes of the Maya Mountains in east-central Belize southward to the Montañas del Mico in eastern Guatemala and westward into the Sierra de Santa Cruz, the eastern portion of the Sierra de las Minas, and the foothills of the northern Alta Verapaz, sea level to 1160 m elevation in rain forest and cloud forest.

Comment

Resurrected from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus rugulosus by Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 56 (and who also noted that it is closely similar to Eleutherodactylus psephosypharus and suggested that it is now extinct due to habitat destruction), where it had been placed by Lynch, 1965, Herpetologica, 21: 110, and Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 272. See account by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 235–239, who did not repeat the earlier assertion of its extinction. Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 56, and Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 72–73, provided accounts. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 226, included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus sandersoni) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 377. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.

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