Craugastor ranoides (Cope, 1886)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor ranoides

Lithodytes ranoides Cope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 275. Syntypes: USNM 14179 (4 specimens) according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 66; USNM 14179A designated lectotype by Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 272. Type locality: "Nicaragua"; restricted to between El Castillo and San Juan Norte, Departamento de Rio San Juan, Nicaragua, by Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 275.

Liohyla ranoidesCope, 1893, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 31: 335.

Liohyla pittieri Günther, 1900, Biol. Centr. Amer., Vol. 7, Rept. Batr., Part 156: 223. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens); BMNH 1947.2.16.13 designated lectotype by Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 289. Type locality: "Costa Rica" and "Boruca", Costa Rica; restricted by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 748, and by lectotype designation to "Boruca, [Cantón de Buenos Aires, Provincia de Puntarenas,] Costa Rica". Type locality commented on by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 81. Synonymy with Eleutherodactylus rugulosus by Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 273; with Lithodytes ranoides by Dunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 108, and Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 264.

Eleutherodactylus ranoidesStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Noble, 1918, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 38: 327; Barbour, 1923, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 129: 10.

Eleutherodactylus pittieriStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Dunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 108-109; Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 748.

Hylodes ranoidesNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 431.

Hylodes pittieriNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 435.

Craugastor ranoidesCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) ranoidesHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Southern Atlantic lowland Nicaragua and northwestern Costa Rica through Costa Rica to extreme western Panama, exclusive of the Golfo Dulce region, sea level to 1300 m elevation.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus rugulosus (but retained in the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group and posited to be a composite of several species) by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 264, where it had been placed by Lynch, 1965, Herpetologica, 21: 102–113. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 251–252, who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 309. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Zumbado-Ulate and Willink, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 236, provided a record of an extant population on the Peninsula de Santa Elena, Costa Rica. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.

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