Craugastor merendonensis (Schmidt, 1933)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor merendonensis

Eleutherodactylus merendonensis Schmidt, 1933, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 20: 17. Holotype: FMNH 4672, by original designation. Type locality: "lower Santa Ana Canyon, west of San Pedro, Honduras. Altitude 500 feet."

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) merendonensisHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor merendonensisCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) merendonensisHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

San Pedro Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).


Northwestern Atlantic lowlands of Honduras at Cañon Santa Ana (150–200 m).


In the Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri group. Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus rugulosus by Meyer and Wilson, 1971, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 70: 106, where it had been placed by Lynch, 1965, Herpetologica, 21: 102–113. In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) rugulosus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 228. See accounts by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 250–251, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 408-410. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 226, included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 306. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.

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