Craugastor bransfordii (Cope, 1886)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor bransfordii

Lithodytes bransfordii Cope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 274. Syntypes: USNM 14179 (10 specimens) (given as 14200 in the original publication and by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 65); lectotype, renumbered USNM 166895, designated by Savage and Emerson, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 636. Type locality: "Nicaragua".

Hylodes bransfordiiGünther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 162: 238.

Eleutherodactylus bransfordiiStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Noble, 1918, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 38: 332; Barbour and Dunn, 1921, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 34: 161.

Microbatrachylus bransfordiiTaylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 675.

Microbatrachylus rearki Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 678. Holotype: KU 31533, by original designation. Type locality: "Bataan [= Batan, Cantón de Matin, Provincia de Limón], Costa Rica". Type locality commented on by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 78. Synonymy by Savage and Emerson, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 623–644.

Microbatrachylus costaricensis Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 682. Holotype: R.C. Taylor 372, by original designation; now FMNH 178240 according to Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 58. Type locality: "Morehouse Finca, approximately four miles south of Turrialba, [Cantón de Turrialba, Provincia de Cartago,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 98, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Savage and Emerson, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 623–644.

Eleutherodactylus bransfordiiLynch, 1965, Nat. Hist. Misc., 182: 7.

Eleutherodactylus costaricensisLynch, 1965, Nat. Hist. Misc., 182: 7.

Eleutherodactylus rearkiLynch, 1965, Nat. Hist. Misc., 182: 7.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) bransfordiiHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor bransfordiiCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) bransfordiiHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

Bransford's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).

Distribution

Humid lowlands and adjacent premontane slopes on the Atlantic versant from extreme eastern Honduras and eastern Nicaragua to central Costa Rica, 60–880 m elevation. (See comment.)

Comment

Reviewed by Savage and Emerson, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 623-644, who placed this species in the Eleutherodactylus rhodopis group. Miyamoto, 1983, Syst. Zool., 32: 43–51, studied biochemical variation, removed Eleutherodactylus stejnegerianus from synonymy and noted that the remaining nominal species, Eleutherodactylus bransfordii, was composed of two cryptic species. In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) rhodopis group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 221. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 257-258, who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus rhodopis series, Eleutherodactylus rhodopis group, and noted (p. 257) that a number of species exist under this name, awaiting description or resurrection. See comment under Eleutherodactylus persimilis. In the Craugastor rhodopis species series, Craugastor podiciferus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.

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