Craugastor augusti (Dugès, 1879)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor augusti

Lithodytes latrans Cope, 1878, Am. Nat., 12: 186. Nomen nudum.

Hylodes augusti Dugès In Brocchi, 1879, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 3: 21. Syntypes: MDUG (3 specimens, now lost); MDUG ("marked type") designated neotype by Smith and Necker, 1943, An. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol., México, 3: 201. Flores-Villela, Ríos-Muñoz, Magaña-Cota, and Quezadas-Tapia, 2016, Zootaxa, 4092: 34, noted that only one specimen (their fig. 1c) was noted in the original description, which is a skeleton (MDUG 1000) and not the specimen wrongly designated neotype. Type locality: "Guanajuato, [Guanajuato,] (Mexique)".

Lithodytes latrans Cope, 1880, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 17: 25. Syntypes: Possible syntypes include USNM 10058 (2 specimens), 10529 (2 specimens), and 1075 1-53 (according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 65), and ANSP 10757–58 (according to Piatt, 1934, Am. Midl. Nat., 15: 89-91). Type locality: "cliffs of the cretaceous limestone which are found in every direction along the borders and river valleys of the first plateau region [of southwestern Texas]", USA; given as Helotes, Bexar County, Texas, USA, by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 65. Synonymy by Mocquard, 1899, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 9, 1: 160; and Zweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 17.

Hylodes latransGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 42; Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 162: 241.

Eleutherodactylus latransStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Stejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 34.

Eleutherodactylus augustiStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Slevin, 1931, Copeia, 1931: 140; Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 100; Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317; by implication.

Eleutherodactylus cactorum Taylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 391. Holotype: EHT-HMS 6383, by original designation; now FMNH 100021 according to Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 47. Type locality: "km. 226, 20 miles northwest of Tehuacán, [near Cacaloapam,] Puebla", Mexico. Synonymy by Zweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 17.

Eleutherodactylus bolivari Taylor, 1942, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 28: 298. Holotype: EHT-HMS 29564 (now UIMNH or FMNH, but not in FMNH type list). Type locality: "Ixtapan del Oro, México, México". Synonymy (with Eleutherodactylus augusti cactorum) by Zweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 20.

Eleutherodactylus augusti augustiZweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 14.

Eleutherodactylus augusti cactorumZweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 17.

Eleutherodactylus augusti fuscofemora Zweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 24. Holotype: FMNH 48132, by original designation. Type locality: "Sacaton, 5 miles south of Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico".

Eleutherodactylus augusti latransZweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 17.

Hylactophryne augusti latransLynch, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 511, by implication.

Hylactophryne augustiLynch, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 511.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) augustiHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 318; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) fuscofemoraLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 224. Unintended combination.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) latransLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 227. Unintended combination.

Eleutherodactylus latransGoldberg, Sullivan, Malone, and Schwalbe, 2004, Herpetologica, 60: 312. Conditional combination.

Eleutherodactylus cactorumGoldberg, Sullivan, Malone, and Schwalbe, 2004, Herpetologica, 60: 312. Conditional combination.

Craugastor augustiCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Hylactophryne) augustiHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 44.

Craugastor augusti augustiFrost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5, by implication.

Craugastor augusti cactorumFrost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5.

Craugastor augusti latransFrost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5.

Craugastor augusti fusciofemoraLiner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 9. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Barking Frog (Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 219; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 55; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 11; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 18; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 201; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 9; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 6; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 10).

Mexican Cliff Frog (Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: x).

Texas Cliff Frog (Eleutherodactylus latrans: Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: x).

Common Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).

Common Barking Frog (Craugastor augusti augusti: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 18; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 9).

Western Barking Frog (Craugastor augusti cactorum: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 60; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 55; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 11; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 18; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 9; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5 Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 9; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 6; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 10),

Western Robber Frog (Eleutherodactylus augusti cactorum: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).

Zweifel's Barking Frog (Eleutherodactylus augusti fuscofemora: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 18 Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 9).

Robber Frog (Eleutherodactylus augusti latrans: Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 24; Strecker, 1915, Baylor Univ. Bull., 18: 47; Strecker, 1928, Contr. Baylor Univ. Mus., 16: 10; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 60).

Barking Frog (Eleutherodactylus augusti latrans: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 60; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 303).

Eastern Barking Frog (Craugastor augusti latrans: Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 55; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 11; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 18; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 6; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 10).

Eastern Robber Frog (Eleutherodactylus augusti latrans: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).

Balcones Barking Frog (Eleutherodactylus augusti latrans: Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 9; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5 Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 9).

Distribution

Southern Arizona (Quinlan, Santa Rita, Patagonia, Huachuca, and Pajarito Mts.) and northeastern Sonora (Sierra El Tigre) south along the Pacific Coast foothills and mountains of western Mexico; southeastern and south-central New Mexico south through West Texas to central Texas (USA) south through central (as far east as Hidalgo) and southern Mexico to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (Oaxaca, Mexico).

Comment

Reviewed by Zweifel, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 41: 1–4. In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) augusti group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220. Considered to not be part of a monophyletic Craugastor by Lynch, 2000, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 24: 130. Record for central Arizona is doubtful (DRF). Enderson, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 316, provided a record for the Quinlan Mountains of Pima County, Arizona. Enderson, Bezy, and Bezy, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 184, provided the record for the Patagonia Mountains, Arizona. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 201, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Goldberg, Sullivan, Malone, and Schwalbe, 2004, Herpetologica, 60: 312–320, on the basis of mtDNA, morphology, and vocalization found significant differences between Arizona-Sonora populations on one hand and Texas-New Mexico populations on the other, suggesting species distinctiveness. Similarly, Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 276, suggested that published advertisement call descriptions suggested that more than one species could be involved under this name. They discussed the alternative but witheld a formal taxonomic change pending evaluation of population through central Mexico. In the Craugastor (Hylactophryne) augusti species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 44. Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123, rejected the recognition of species groups within HylactophryneSeifert, 1978, Herpetol. Rev., 9: 61, provided a record from Pyote, Texas, USA. Lemos-Espinal, 2007, Anf. Rept. Chihuahua Mexico: 49–50, provided an account (as Eleutherodactylus augusti) for Chihuahua, Mexico. Lemos-Espinal and Smith, 2007, Anf. Rept. Coahuila México: 48–49, provided an account (as Eleutherodactylus augusti) for Coahuila, Mexico. Lemos-Espinal and Dixon, 2013, Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí: 41-42, provided an account for San Luis Potosí, Mexico. Schwalbe and Goldberg, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 491–492, provided a detailed account of relevant literature and range; Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 192–196, provided an account that summarized relevant literature for the USA populations, although his range map only reflects the range of Craugastor augusti latrans and excludes the USA range of Craugastor augusti cactorum. Streicher, Devitt, Goldberg, Malone, Blackmon, and Fujita, 2014, Mol. Ecol., 23: 3273–3291, discussed the historical phylogeography of the nominal species and its constituent lineages, not only showing that the subspecies cactorum is not an historical unit, but showing that the binomial represents several species, even though the authors did not render any taxonomic remedies.  Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 296–297, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Lemos-Espinal and Smith, 2015, Check List, 11(1642): 1–11, noted the occurrence of the species in Hidalgo, Mexico. Graham, Stevens, and Kelehear, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 558, provided a record for Brewster County, Texas, USA. García-Vázquez and Kelly-Hernandez, 2016, Herpetol. Rev., 47: 247, provided a record for the Parque Nacional Cerro de la Estrella, Distrito Federal, Mexico. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.