Yunganastes ashkapara (Köhler, 2000)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Ceuthomantinae > Genus: Yunganastes > Species: Yunganastes ashkapara

Eleutherodactylus ashkapara Köhler, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 516. Holotype: CBF 3344, by original designation. Type locality: "approximately 47 km on the 'old' road from Paractito via El Palmar to Cochabamba (17° 07′ 58″ S, 65° 36′ 54″ W), Provincia Chapare, Departamento Cochabamba, Bolivia, 2100 m above sea level".

Pristimantis ashkaparaHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Eleutherodactylus (Yunganastes) ashkaparaPadial, Castroviejo-Fisher, Köhler, Domic, and De la Riva, 2007, Herpetol. Monogr., 21: 217.

Pristimantis (Yunganastes) ashkaparaHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128.

Yunganastes ashkaparaPadial, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 52: 912.

English Names

None noted.


Known only from the vicinity of the type locality (Provincia Chapare, Departamento Cochabamba) and Abra de la Cruz, Manuel Maria Caballero Province, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia, 1700-2100 m elevation.


Most similar to Eleutherodactylus fraudator and Eleutherodactylus pluvicanorus according to the original publication and assigned this species to the new Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) fraudator group, composed of Eleutherodactylus fraudator, Eleutherodactylus pluvicanorus, and Eleutherodactylus ashkapara. Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 112, provided a brief account. Crawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 3: 551, discussed the Eleutherodactylus fraudator group, noted its possible inclusion in Craugastor, but left its status ambiguous. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 200, discussed the Eleutherodactylus fraudator group and excluded it from Craugastor. Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, Köhler, Domic, and De la Riva, 2007, Herpetol. Monogr., 21: 217-220, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus ashkapara) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 3189. Ramos-Gutierrez and Gonzales-Álvarez, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 109, provided the first record from Manuel Maria Caballero Province, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia.

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