Pristimantis vilarsi (Melin, 1941)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Ceuthomantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis vilarsi

Eleutherodactylus vilarsiStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 108.

Hylodes vilarsi Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 45. Syntypes: NHMG 491 (2 specimens); larger specimen designated lectotype by Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 10. Type locality: "Taracuá, Rio Uaupés, [Estado do Amazonas,] Brazil".

Hylodes roseus Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 46. Holotype: NHMG 492, according to Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 253. Type locality: "Rio Uaupés (north of Rio Japú)", Brazil. Preoccupied by Hylodes roseus Boulenger, 1918. Synonymy by Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 10.

Eleutherodactylus roseusLutz and Kloss, 1952, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 50: 646.

Eleutherodactylus brachypodius Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 61. Holotype: MCZ 28568, by original designation. Type locality: "Upper Cunucunuma region, Territorio Amazonas . . . . either Casa de Julián or Marahuaca, 4,050 ft.", Venezuela. Synonymy by Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 10.

Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus ileamazonicus Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 63. Holotype: MCZ 30397, by original designation. Type locality: "Temiche, Mt. Marahuaca, 4056 ft., S. Venezuela". Synonymy by Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 9.

Eleutherodactylus rosmelinus Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 96. Replacement name for Hylodes roseus Melin, 1944.

Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus guayanensis Rivero, 1968 "1967", Caribb. J. Sci., 7: 149. Syntypes: 3 specimens, labelled provisionally J.A. Rivero 33-35, presumably now in the UPRM. Type locality: "Monte Marahuaca, 4050 pies", southern Venezuela. Synonymy with Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus ileamazonicus Rivero, 1961 by Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 10, who mistakenly regarded the name as a nomen nudum.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) vilarsiLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 234.

Pristimantis vilarsiHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Eleutherodactylus stegolepis Schlüter and Rödder, 2007 "2006", Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 3: 90. Holotype: SMNS 8006.1, by original designation. Type locality: "Guaiquinima Tepui, Estado Bolivar, Venezuela, 5° 54′ N 63° 28′ W, 780 m elev., 'FUDECI Camp 3'". Synonymy by Kok and Barrio-Amorós, 2013, Zootaxa, 3694 : 75. 

Pristimantis stegolepis — Myers and Donnelly, 2008, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 308: 147.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) stegolepis — Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) vilarsiHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120.

English Names

Rio Uaupes Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 80).

Distribution

Upper Amazonian Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru.

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 234. Reviewed by Lynch, 1980, Am. Mus. Novit., 2696: 17, who provided a synonymy. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 62–63, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru as Eleutherodactylus vilarsi. See brief account by Lynch, 1994, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 19: 187-193. See comments regarding distribution of Venezuelan population by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 54. Discussed and redescribed by Barrio-Amorós and Molina, 2006, Zootaxa, 1302: 1-20. In the Pristimantis conspicillatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 125. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 253-254, for brief account.

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