Pristimantis bicumulus (Peters, 1863)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Ceuthomantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis bicumulus

Hylodes bicumulus Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 410. Syntypes: ZMB 4899 (2 specimens) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 45. Type locality: "Carácas", Venezuela.

Eleutherodactylus bicumulusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Schmidt, 1932, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 18: 159; Ginés, 1959, Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 19: 112.

Eleutherodactylus orocostalis Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 68. Holotype: MBUCV 2003, by original designation. Type locality: "El Junquito, D.F.", Venezuela. Synonymy by Lynch and La Marca, 1993, Caribb. J. Sci., 29: 133-146.

Eleutherodactylus racenisi Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 78. Holotype: MBUCV 2014, by original designation. Type locality: "El Junquito, D.F.", Venezuela. Synonymy by Lynch and La Marca, 1993, Caribb. J. Sci., 29: 133-146.

Eleutherodactylus williamsi Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 72. Holotype: MBUCV 2012, by original designation. Type locality: "El Junquito, D.F.", Venezuela. Synonymy by Lynch and La Marca, 1993, Caribb. J. Sci., 29: 133-146.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) bicumulusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220.

Pristimantis bicumulusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) bicumulusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 118.

English Names

Caracas Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).

Distribution

Coastal range in the states of Aragua, Distrito Federal (Caracas), and Sucre, Venezuela, 577–2060 m elevation.

Comment

Discussed by Lynch and La Marca, 1993, Caribb. J. Sci., 29: 133-146. Specimens from Mérida Andes referred to Eleutherodactylus williamsi by Durant, 1977, Herpetol. Rev., 8 (3—Suppl.): 7, are probably Eleutherodactylus vanadise according to E. La Marca in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 330. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, unassigned to species group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220. In the subgenus Pristimantis, but unnassigned to species group according toHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 118, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 127. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus bicumulus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 322.

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