Bombina microdeladigitora Liu, Hu, and Yang, 1960

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bombinatoridae > Genus: Bombina > Species: Bombina microdeladigitora

Bombina microdeladigitora Liu, Hu, and Yang, 1960, Acta Zool. Sinica, 12: 157, 171. Holotype: CIB 583158, by original designation. Type locality: "Huang-tsiao-ling [= Huang-cao-ling], Ching-tung [= Jingdong], Yunnan, altitude 2240 m", China). Synonymy with Bombina maxima by Stugren, 1986, Stud. Univ. Babes-Bolyai, Biol., 31: 40, and Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 365-377.

Bombina fortinuptialis Hu and Wu In Liu, Hu, Tian, and Wu, 1978, Mater. Herpetol. Res., 4: 18. Holotype: CIB 601750, by original designation. Type locality: Yangliuchong, Jinxiu, Yaoshan, Guangxi, altitude 1350 m, China. Synonymy with Bombina maxima by Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 365-377. Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 115, discussed authorship. Synonymy with Bombina microdeladigitora by Pabijan, Wandycz, Hofman, Węcek, Piwczyński, and Szymura, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 69: 63-74. 

Bombina fortinuptialis Tian and Wu In Hu, Tian, and Wu, 1981, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, 5 (17): 111. Holotype: CIB 601750, by original designation. Type locality: Yangliuchong, Jinxiu, Yaoshan, Guangxi, altitude 1350 m, China. Unnecessary second description. 

Bombina (Glandula) microdeladigitora — Tian and Hu, 1985, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 4 (3): 220.

Bombina (Glandula) fortinuptialis — Tian and Hu, 1985, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 4 (3): 220.

Bombina (Grobina) microdeladigitora — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 97.

Bombina (Grobina) fortinuptialis — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 97.

Bombina lichuanensis Ye and Fei in Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 113 (p. 364 for authorship). Holotype: Not stated; given as CIB 74I0747 by Ye and Fei, 1994, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, 3: 22. Type locality: Not given, but subsequently stated by Ye and Fei, 1994, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, 3: 22, 25, to be "Beiyang, Lichuan [county], Hubei; altitude 1830 m", China.  Synonymy with Bombina microdeladigitora by Pabijan, Wandycz, Hofman, Węcek, Piwczyński, and Szymura, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 69: 63-74.

Bombina (Grobina) lichuanensis — Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 54. Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 373.

Bombina maxima microdeladigitora — Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 365.

English Names

Hubei Firebelly Toad (Bombina microdelidigitoraFrank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 38).

Small-webbed Bell Toad (Bombina microdelidigitoraFei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 60).

Yunnan Firebelly Toad (Bombina microdelidigitoraNguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 10).

Guangxi Firebelly Toad (Bombina fortinuptialisFrank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 38).

Large-spined Bell Toad (Bombina fortinuptialisFei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 58).

Lichuan Bell Toad (Bombina lichuanensis [no longer recognized]: Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 58).

Distribution

Southwestern Yunnan, China, to adjacent extreme northwestern Vietnam and extreme eastern Myanmar (likely in intevening Laos); isolated population in Lichuan County, Hubei, eastern Guangxi, and Mabian County, Sichuan, China. 

Comment

Bombina microdeligitora was considered a synonym (and color variant) of Bombina maxima by Stugren, 1986, Stud. Univ. Babes-Bolyai, Biol., 31: 40, but recognition was continued by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 115. See also brief account (as Bombina microdeladigitora) by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 39-40., and brief accounts, maps, and figures, by Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 58-59 (as Bombina fortinuptialis), and 58 (as Bombina lichuanensis). See figure, brief account (as Bombina lichuanensis), and map by Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 58. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi : 38, provided an account (as Bombina fortinuptialis) for Guangxi. Ohler, Marquis, Swan, and Grosjean, 2000, Herpetozoa, Wien, 13: 71, noted that records of Bombina maxima from Vietnam are referrable to Bombina microdeladigitora, and provided a brief account and illustration. Ohler, Marquis, Swan, and Grosjean, 2000, Herpetozoa, Wien, 13: 74, provided comments relevant to the Vietnam population (as Bombina microdeladigitora). Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 100, provided a brief account (as Bombina lichuanensis) and illustration.  Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 81-104, provided the range in Vietnam (as Bombina microdeladigitora). Bain and Nguyen, 2004, Am. Mus. Novit., 3453: 9, provided the record (as Bombina microdeladigitora) for Ha Giang Province, Vietnam. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 147, provided a photograph (as Bombina microdeladigitora). Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 365-377, supported the distinctiveness of Bombina lichuanensis and suggested that it is the sister taxon of Bombina maxima (in the sense of including Bombina fortinuptialis and Bombina microdeladigitora). Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 365-377, reported on phylogenetic relationships and confirmed the synonymy of Bombina fortinuptialis and Bombina microdeladigitora. See image, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 155 (as Bombina lichuanensis. Bombina fortinuptialis, and Bombina microdeladigitora). See photographs, maps, descriptions of geographic range and habitats, and conservation statuses (for nominal Bombina fortinuptialis and Bombina microdeladigitora) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 155. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 22-24, provided brief accounts for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 67-70, provided an account (as Bombina lichuanensis), dot-map, and illustration of the holotype. Zheng, Fu, and Li, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 52: 70-83, continued recognition of Bombina microdeladigitoraBombina lichuanensis, and Bombina fortinuptialis, and provided molecular evidence consistent with this view. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 70-75, provided accounts, illustrations, and dot maps, and continued the recognition of Bombina microdeladigitora, but that volume appears to have been written prior to the revision by Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007. See accounts (as Bombina microdeladigitora), map, and figure by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 44-46, Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 60. See photographs, maps, descriptions of geographic range and habitats, and conservation statuses (for nominal Bombina fortinuptialis and Bombina microdeladigitora) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 155. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 106-108, provided brief account of nominal Bombina fortinuptialis (p. 106), Bombina microdeladigitora (p. 107), and Bombina maxima (p. 108), including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 105, provided a brief account  (as Bombina lichuanensis) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 126-134, provided accounts (as Bombina lichuanensis and Bombina microdeladigitoria), photographs, and a map. Pabijan, Wandycz, Hofman, Węcek, Piwczyński, and Szymura, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 69: 63-74, discussed previous taxonomy and considered the allopatric populations named Bombina microdeladigitora, Bombina lichuanensis,and Bombina fortinuptialis to be conspecific, although with the caveat that additional work may require their resurrection. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 437–441, 444–446, considered Bombina microdeladigitoraBombina lichuanensis, and Bombina fortinuptialis distinct species without comment and provided accounts for all three. 

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