Eupsophus roseus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alsodidae > Genus: Eupsophus > Species: Eupsophus roseus

Cystignathus roseus Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 414. Syntypes: MNHNP 762 (2 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 27. Type locality: "Chili" (= Chile). Considered to possibly be Valdivia, Chile, by Cei, 1962, Batr. Chile: 81.

Borborocoetes bibronii Bell, 1843, Zool. Voyage Beagle, Part 5: 35. Holotype: Not designated, although noted as being in the BMNH by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 255; BMNH 45.5.25.43, by museum records according to XXX. Type locality: "Valdivia and Chiloe, in thick forest", Chile. Restricted to "Chonos", Chile by Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 129. Synonymy (with Eupsophus grayii) by Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 128; Cei, 1962, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 8: 33. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84. Previously placed by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118, as a synonym of Eupsophus roseus.

Borborocoetes grayii Bell, 1843, Zool. Voyage Beagle, Part 5: 36. Holotype: Not stated although noted by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 254, as being the in BMNH; BMNH 1947.2.17.83 (formerly 45.5.25.25) according to xxx. Type locality: "in the forest, in Valdivia", Chile. Synonymy by Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 128.

Cystignathus sylvestris Tschudi, 1845, Arch. Naturgesch., 11: 167. Type: Not designated (and not located in MHNN by Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 623, so presumed lost). Type locality: "Republica Peruana". Synonymy by Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 622; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 253 (tentatively). Regarded as a nomen dubium by Lynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 7.

Cystignathus grayiGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 30.

Cystignathus bibroniiGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 31.

Borborocoetes roseusCope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 113; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 36.

Cyclorhamphus fasciatus Peters, 1869, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869: 789. Syntypes: ZMB 6617 (2 specimens) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 45. Type locality: "Puerto Montt (Chile)". Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 257, noted that this species probably belonged in Borborocoetes. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy b Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 128; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84. Previously placed by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118, as a synonym of Eupsophus roseus.

Cystignathus fasciatusPeters, 1870 "1869", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869: 881. Possibly in Borborocoetes according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 257.

Borborocoetes pliciferus Werner, 1896, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 46: 360. Holotype: ZMB; but MNHNP 1898.338 considered a syntype, apparently in error, by Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 115. Type locality: "Frutillar in Chile". Synonymy without discussion with Alsodes nodosus by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 297. Synonymy with Eupsophus roseus by Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 115 (who rejected Cei's synonymy explicitly).

Cystignathus (Borborocoetus) grayiPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 84.

Cystignathus (Borborocoetus) bibroniiPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 86.

Cystignathus (Borborocoetus) nigrita Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 88. Syntypes: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Habitat prope oppidum Valdivia,.... in praedio meo S. Jaun inveni", Valdivia, Chile. Synonymy (with Eupsophus grayi) by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275. Synonymy by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Borborocoetus (Cystignathus) insularis var. ruber Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 91. Types: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Valdivia", Chile. Synonymy (with Eupsophus grayi) by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84. Previously placed by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118, as a synonym of Eupsophus roseus.

Borborocoetus fasciatusPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 92.

Cystignathus pallidus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 104. Syntypes: MNHNC (6 specimens), according to the original publication. Type locality: "prov. Valdivia", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Cystignathus (Borborocoetus) tympanicus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 106. Syntypes: MNHNC (2 specimens), according to the original publication. Type locality: not designated (presumably Chile). Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Cystignathus Boedeckeri Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 109. Types: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Concepcion", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84. Previously placed by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118, as a synonym of Eupsophus roseus.

Cystignathus oxyglossus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 110. Syntypes: MNHNC (7 specimens), according to the original publication. Type locality: "parte orientali insulae Chiloe", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Cystignathus fernandezi Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 112. Types: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "insula Chiloé", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Cystignathus oreophilus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 117. Syntypes: MNHNC according to the original publication. Type locality: "cordillera de Cautin", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Borborocoetes fasciatusPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 157.

Borborocoetes bibroniPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 157.

Borborocoetes nigritaPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 157.

Borborocoetes insularis var. ruberPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 157.

Cystignathus bödeckeriPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 158. Variant spelling.

Cystignathus oxiglossusPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 159. Spelling error.

Leptodactylus kreffti Werner, 1904, Ergebn. Hamburger Magalhaens. Sammelr. 1892/93: 18. Holotype: Presumably ZMH although not stated. Type locality: "Coronel, in einem Wiesenteich", Chile. Considered by Heyer, 1974, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 253: 43, to likely be referrable to Eupsophus. Placed in the synonymy of Eupsophus roseus, without comment, by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Borborocoetes masareyi Roux, 1910, Zool. Anz., 36: 111. Holotype: NHMB 2789 according to Forcart, 1946, Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel, 57: 122. Type locality: "Coronel, Chile". Synonymy (with Eupsophus grayi) by Cei, 1960, Breviora, 118: 1-13, and Cei, 1962, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 8: 33. Synonymy by Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 128, Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118; and Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Leptodactylus oxyglossusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Leptodactylus boedeckeriNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Leptodactylus oreophilusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Borborocoetes nigritaNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 397.

Leptodactylus fernandeziNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Leptodactylus pallidusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Platymantis krefftiLutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 26.

Eupsophus roseusSchmidt, 1954, Lunds Univ. Ärsskrift, N.F., Avd. 2, 49: 5; Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275; Capurro-S., 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 294; Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 111-149.

Eupsophus bibroniCapurro-S., 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 294.

Eupsophus grayiCei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275; Capurro-S., 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 293.

Eupsophus grayii grayiiCapurro-S., 1963, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 10: 10-18, by implication.

Eupsophus sylvestrisGorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 119.

Eupsophus roseusLynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 7.

Eupsophus contulmoensis Ortiz, Ibarra-Vidal, and Formas, 1989, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 102: 1031. Holotype: MZUC 17141, by original designation. Type locality: "Contulmo, Malleco Province, Nahuelbuta Range, alt. 700 m, 15 km W (by road) of Purén, Chile". Synonymy by Correa-Quezada, Vásquez, Castro, Zúñiga-Reinoso, Ortiz, and Palma, 2017, PLoS One, 12(8: e0181026): 13. 

Eupsophus nahuelbutensis Ortiz and Ibarra-Vidal, 1992, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 41: 75. Holotype: MZUC 16822, by original designation. Type locality: "el sector de Pichinahuel, Cordillera de Nahuelbuta, en el interior del Parque Nacional Nahuelbuta, Provincia de Malleco, Chile, 1200 m." Synonymy by Correa-Quezada, Vásquez, Castro, Zúñiga-Reinoso, Ortiz, and Palma, 2017, PLoS One, 12(8: e0181026): 13. 

Eleutherodactylus nahuelbutensis — Glaw, Köhler, Lötters, and Vences, 1998, Elaphe, 6: xv. Lapsus.

Eupsophus septentrionalis Ibarra-Vidal, Ortiz, and Torres-Pérez, 2004, Bol. Soc. Biol. Concepción, 75: 91. Holotype: MZUC 27650, by original designation. Type locality: "Reserva Nacional Los Queules (36° 06′ S, 72° 50′ W), VII Region", Chile. Synonymy by Correa-Quezada, Vásquez, Castro, Zúñiga-Reinoso, Ortiz, and Palma, 2017, PLoS One, 12(8: e0181026): 13. 

Eupsophus queulensis Veloso, Celis-Diez, Guerrero, Méndez-Torres, Iturra-Constant, and Simonetti, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 160. Holotype: MNHNC 3798, by original designation. Type locality: "at the east edge of Reserve Nacional Los Queules, 71 km W Cauquenes, coastal mountain range of the Costa, VII Maule Region (35° 59′ S, 72° 41′ W) at 450 m elevation, Chile". Synonymy  with Eupsophus septentirionalis by Blotto, Nuñez, Basso, Úbeda, Wheeler, and Faivovich, 2013, Cladistics, 29: XXX.

English Names

Rosy Ground Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).

Contulmo Ground Frog (Eupsophus contulmoensis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 80).

Nahuelbuta Ground Frog (Eupsophus nahuelbutensis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 80).

Distribution

Chile (as far north as Santiago de Chile and southwards to Chonos Archipelago, between 36° 50′ and 39° 50′ S). 

Comment

See account by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 282-283. In the Eupsophus roseus group of Formas and Brieva, 1994, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 107: 391-397. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 622, who noted (personal comm. from Esteban Lavilla) that records of this species from Argentina actually apply to Eupsophus calcaratus. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat (as Eupsophus nahuelbuensis), and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 393. Revised by Correa-Quezada, Vásquez, Castro, Zúñiga-Reinoso, Ortiz, and Palma, 2017, PLoS One, 12(8: e0181026): 1–21. 

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