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Classification of Leeches (Hirudinea)

Classification based largely on Sawyer, 1988 but in part on findings of Siddall and Burreson, 1995 with respect to relative monophyly.

Class Hirudinea Lamarck, 1818
    Subclass Branchiobdellidea
        Order Branchiobdellida
            Branchiobdellidae
                Branchiobdella Odier, 1823
                
    Subclass Acanthobdellidea Livanow, 1905
        Order Acanthobdellidea
            Acanthobdellidae
                Acanthobdella Grube, 1851
                    A. peledina Grube, 1851
                    A. livanowi Epshtein, 1966


    Subclass Euhirudinea Lukin, 1956

        Order Rhynchobdellida Blanchard, 1894
                Ozobranchidae Pinto, 1921
                "Piscicolidae" Johnston, 1865
                    Pontobdellinae Caballero, 1956
                    Piscicolinae Llewellyn, 1966
                    Platybdellinae Epshtein, 1970
                Glossiphoniidae
                    Theromyzinae Sawyer, 1986
                    Glossiphoniinae Johnson, 1816
                    Haementeriinae Autrum, 1939

        Order Arynchobdellida Blanchard, 1894

                Americobdellidae
                * this family previously placed with hirudinids *

            Suborder Erpobdelliformes 
                Erpobdellidae Blanchard, 1894
                "Salifidae" Johansson, 1910 paraphyletic
                "Cylicobdellidae" Sawyer, 1986 paraphyletic
             * this family traditionally placed with  hirudinids *
                    "Cylicobdellinae" Ringuelet, 1972 paraphyletic
                    Gastromobdellinae Richardson, 1971

            Suborder Hirudiniformes Cabellero, 1952
                Hirudinidae
                    Hirudininae (Richardson, 1969)
                    Haemopinae (Richardson, 1969)
                    Semiscolecinae (Scriban and Autrum, 1934)
                    Hirudinarinae Sawyer, 1986
                    Macrobdellinae (Richardson, 1969)
                    Richardsonianinae (Richardson, 1969)
                    Ornithobdellinae (Richardson, 1969)
                    Haemadispsidae Blanchard, 1893


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