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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Australoonops skaife       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 34248). Total length 1.79. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, elongate oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica flat in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE circular; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, covered with small round pits, microsculpture everywhere but middle, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae II and III greater than distance between coxae I and II, and coxae III and IV, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins with 3 pairs of lateral projections, with posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, spatulate, in group at base of coxae, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, spatulate, densest medially; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, posterior portion with long, oblique, longitudinal ridge. ABDOMEN: cylindrical, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, white, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area frontal setae thickened, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus absent. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus light, prolateral excavation absent, narrow throughout its length, with long secondary process; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically.
Australoonops skaife, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---08943)

Austrskaifmscard08943ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---08943)

Austrskaifmsstev08943ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male bulb, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmpbulp34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmpbulr34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmpcard34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmpcarl34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmphaba34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmphabd34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmphabl34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmphabv34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmppalp34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmppalr34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaifmpstev34177ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 28857). Total length 1.94. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: posterior receptaculum short, narrower than posterior portion of anterior receptaculum, anterior projection long, narrow, abruptly expanded at tip.
Australoonops skaife, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34256)

Austrskaiffscard34256ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34256)

Austrskaiffsstev34256ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffpcard34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffpcarl34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffpepiv34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffphaba34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffphabd34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffphabl34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffphabv34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffpifgd34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffpifgv34177ND.tif

Australoonops skaife, female sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---34177)

Austrskaiffpstev34177ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

SOUTH AFRICA
Australoonops skaife coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Australoonops skaife, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00034256  SOUTH AFRICA  Eastern Cape    Amatola Mountains, Hogsback  2 Adult Female      -31.60475; 26.94300  afromontane forest, Leaf Litter  25 Mar 2007  C. Haddad  PPRI 
PBI_OON 00008943  SOUTH AFRICA  Eastern Cape    Amatola Mountains, Hogsback  1 Adult Male      -31.60475; 26.94300  afromontane forest, Leaf Litter  25 Mar 2007  C. Haddad  PPRI 
PBI_OON 00008943  SOUTH AFRICA  Eastern Cape    Amatola Mountains, Hogsback  2 Adult Female      -31.60475; 26.94300  afromontane forest, Leaf Litter  25 Mar 2007  C. Haddad  PPRI 
PBI_OON 00034182  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034177  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034171  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  2 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034140  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034248  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  3 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00029044  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00028857  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Teeberg  1 Adult Female      -34.23352; 18.41480  mesic mountain, fynbos  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034129  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Female    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034196  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034150  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  2 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00028906  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Female    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034147  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00034177  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  2 Adult Female    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 
PBI_OON 00028906  SOUTH AFRICA  Western Cape    Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Olifantsbos near Skaife Centre  1 Adult Male    20  -34.26266; 18.38550  dense bush, strandveld/mountain fynbos ecotone, Leaf Litter  01 Oct 1998  H. Robertson  SAMC 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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