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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Scaphiella meta       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 10111). Total length 1.76. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits, sides of pars thoracica with granulations; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME touching. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae abundant, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified, elaborate macroseta on their inner face; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, anteromedian part modified, small spine-like tip. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent, scuto-pedicel region with small, curve scutal ridge just above pedicel. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, lateral sides of postepigastric scutum smooth. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; tibia: each with three; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, embolus long and uniform; small knob near base of embolus; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur enlarged, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae, black prolateral macrosetae at the base of the palpal cymbium; bulb pale orange, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically.
Scaphiella meta, male abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mpabda10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mpcard10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mpcarl10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mphaba10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mphabd10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mphabl10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mphabv10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mppald10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mppalp10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mppalr10111ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---10111)

Scaphmeta9mppalv10111ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 29614). Total length 2.13. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace sides of pars thoracica with obvious granulations reaching apex. Eyes PME separated by less than their radius, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Mouthparts: Chelicerae elaborate macroseta on their inner face. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus expanded, patella without prolateral row of ridges, palpal tarsus with black prolateral macrosetae basally and distal patch of setae. ABDOMEN: Pedicel scuto-pedicel region with small, curve scutal ridge just above pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum lateral sides of postepigastric scutum smooth, anterior margins with obvious granulations. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope. GENITALIA: Shape: epigynal atrium triangular, with small anterior sclerite and lateral sclerotizations. Dorsal view: lateral apodems short and curved.
Scaphiella meta, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fpcard29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fpcarl29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fpepiv29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fphaba29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fphabd29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fphabl29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fphabv29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fpifgd29614ND.tif

Scaphiella meta, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29614)

Scaphmeta9fpifgv29614ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COLOMBIA
Scaphiella meta coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029614  COLOMBIA  Meta    Quebrada Susumuco, 23 km NW Villavicencio  1 Adult Female    1000  4.39043; -74.45324  forest litter  02 Mar 1972  S. Peck  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010111  COLOMBIA  Meta    Quebrada Susumuco, 23 km NW Villavicencio  2 Adult Male  Holotype  1000  4.39043; -74.45324  forest litter  05 Mar 1972  S., J. Peck  FMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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