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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Scaphiella virgen       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 29759). Total length 1.44. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits, with scattered granules, strongest along magins of posterior declivity; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface finely punctuate, covered with small round pits, microsculpture everywhere but middle, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae abundant, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, serrula absent, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: cylindrical, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles, scattered dark markings visible under scutum. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, long, basally widened; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally, greatly enlarged; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, protruding ventrally.
Scaphiella virgen, male abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgempabda29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemphaba29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgempcard29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgempcarl29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemphabd29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemphabl29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemphabv29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemppald29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemppalp29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemppalr29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgemppalv29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29759)

Scaphvirgempstev29759ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male endites, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29564)

Scaphvirgemsenda29564ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, male endites, posterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29564)

Scaphvirgemsendt29564ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 29754). Total length 1.61. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace with scattered granules, strongest along magins of posterior declivity. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus expanded, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: anterior sclerite enlarged, round.
Scaphiella virgen, female abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefpabda29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefpcard29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefpepiv29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefphaba29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefphabd29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefphabv29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefphabl29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29754)

Scaphvirgefpcarl29754ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29569)

Scaphvirgefpifgd29569ND.tif

Scaphiella virgen, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29569)

Scaphvirgefpifgv29569ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Scaphiella virgen coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Scaphiella virgen, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029433  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    San Carlos, El Tanque  1 Adult Male    130  10.49528; -84.58528  riparian forest  15 May 2008  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026352  COSTA RICA  Cartago    Barbilla National Park  1 Adult Female      9.97417; -83.89139  litter  28 Apr 2001  W. Arana  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029428  COSTA RICA  Heredia    16 km SSE La Virgen  1 Adult Male  Holotype  1150  10.26666; -84.08333  litter  20 Feb 2001  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029430  COSTA RICA  Heredia    16 km SSE La Virgen  1 Adult Female    1150  10.26666; -84.08333  litter  22 Mar 2001  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029558  COSTA RICA  Heredia    Estacion Biologica La Selva  1 Adult Female    150  10.43333; -84.01666  litter  01 Jun 1993  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029430  COSTA RICA  Heredia    16 km SSE La Virgen  1 Adult Male    1150  10.26666; -84.08333  litter  22 Mar 2001  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029429  COSTA RICA  Heredia    16 km SSE La Virgen  1 Adult Female    1150  10.26666; -84.08333  litter  09 Apr 2001  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029988  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia, mantillo  21 Oct 2005  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029562  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao abandonado, Extraccion de mantillo  09 Jul 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029569  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  transepto en mangos, Extraccion de mantillo  06 Jan 2005  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029574  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  21 Oct 2005  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029580  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  08 Jan 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026362  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao abandonado, litter  05 Apr 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029434  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  21 Oct 2005  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029565  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao abandonado, under trunk  12 Mar 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029571  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  08 Jul 2005  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029579  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  2 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  transepto en mangos, Extraccion de mantillo  04 Jun 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029590  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  transepto en mangos, Extraccion de mantillo  14 May 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029427  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  05 Jan 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029564  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  2 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia, Extraccion de mantillo  04 Jun 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029571  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  2 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  08 Jul 2005  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029577  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia  14 May 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029585  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  03 Aug 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029426  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao abandonado, Extraccion de mantillo  08 Oct 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029563  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao abandonado, Extraccion de mantillo  08 Jul 2005  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029569  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  transepto en mangos, Extraccion de mantillo  06 Jan 2005  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029575  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Male      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-Cordia, Extraccion de mantillo  05 Apr 2004  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029584  COSTA RICA  Limon    Hone Creek, Finca de Alberto Moore  1 Adult Female      9.70306; -82.81833  Cacao-banano, Extraccion de mantillo  08 Jul 2005  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029431  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Cerro Nara  2 Adult Male    900  9.48416; -84.00333  Under rock    C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029432  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    La Lucha, Cerro Amuo, base camp for INBio Darwin Project  1 Adult Female    1500  9.11439; -83.09342  rock outcrop  19 Feb 2008  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029647  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Manuel Antonio National Park  1 Adult Male      9.37555; -84.13583  rock outcrop  18 Jun 1976  C., M. Goodnight  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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