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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Scaphiella palmillas       Get publication

            Male (PBI_OON 29855). Total length 1.60. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching for less than half their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae abundant, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae anterior face unmodified, elaborate macroseta on their inner face; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, anteromedian part modified, small spine-like tip. ABDOMEN: cylindrical, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, lateral sides of postepigastric scutum smooth. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; tibia: each with three; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, situated at level of anterior spiracles; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, long and narrow embolus; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally, slightly expanded; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae, black prolateral macrosetae at the base of palpal cymbium; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, expanded ventrally and bulging distally.
Scaphiella palmillas, male abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male carapace, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


Scaphiella palmillas, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29855)


            Female (PBI_OON 29858). Total length 1.45. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Eyes PME touching throughout most of their length. Mouthparts: Chelicerae elaborate macroseta on their inner face. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus expanded, palpal tarsus with black prolateral macrosetae basally and distal patch of setae. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum lateral sides of postepigastric scutum smooth. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; tibia: IV one. GENITALIA: Shape: epigynal atrium wide triangular, anterior sclerite narrow, with a pair of rounded posterior sclerotizations. Dorsal view: lateral apodems very short, posteriorly directed.
Scaphiella palmillas, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)


Scaphiella palmillas, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29858)




Scaphiella palmillas coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Scaphiella palmillas, Discover Life Map

Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029858  MEXICO  Chiapas  None or Unknown  Bonampak Road, 100 km SE Palenque  1 Adult Female    230  16.70365; -90.70879  rainforest  08 Jun 1983  S., J. Peck  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029855  MEXICO  Tabasco  None or Unknown  Chichicaste  1 Adult Male      18.11666; -92.21666  sugarcane plantation, dead leaves  16 Aug 1945  F. Bonet  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029866  MEXICO  Tabasco  None or Unknown  Palmillas Mountains  1 Adult Male  Holotype    18.07410; -92.96417  sugarcane plantation, dead leaves  18 Aug 1945  F. Bonet  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029865  MEXICO  Tabasco  None or Unknown  Emiliano Zapata  1 Adult Male      18.13895; -94.44742  pasture, dead leaves, decaying wood  15 Aug 1945  F. Bonet  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00021099  MEXICO  Yucatan  None or Unknown  2 km E Chichen Itza  1 Adult Male    20  20.68441; -88.57096  forest, litter  20 Jul 1983  S., J. Peck  AMNH 

The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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