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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Escaphiella viquezi       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 29903). Total length 1.31. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica granulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, median tubercule at the posterior margin of the pars cephalica, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered, presence of a row needle-like setae near carapace margin; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE touching, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME touching. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, paturon with anterolateral keel and one large plumose seta on anterior and posterior face at middle of fang base.; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, anteriorly deeply depressed, with transeverse ridge.. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region with paired curved scutal ridges, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface reticulate, sides reticulate, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, anterior half of lateral side of postepigastric scutum reticulate. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Supra-anal scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; tibia: each with three; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae; bulb pale orange, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, prolateral surface with stridulatory file..
Escaphiella viquezi, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquempcard29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquempcarl29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male gonopore (male genital area), ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquempgonv29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquemphaba29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquemphabd29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquemphabl29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquemppald29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquemppalp29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquemppalr29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquemppalv29903ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29903)

Escapviquempstev29903ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON_29904). Total length 1.37. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace median tubercule at the posterior margin of the pars cephalica; non-marginal pars cephalica setae presence of a row needle-like setae near carapace margin. Mouthparts: setae paturon with anterolateral keel and one large plumose seta on anterior and posterior face at middle of fang base.. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges, prolateral surface of palpal femur with stridulatory file, palpal tarsus with distal setae forming a distal patch of setae; trichobothria tibia with three dorsal trichobothia.. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum anterior half part of lateral side of postepigastric scutum reticulate. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope.
Escaphiella viquezi, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefpcard29904ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefpepiv29904ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefphaba29904ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefphabd29904ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefphabl29904ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, female sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefpstev29904ND.tif

Escaphiella viquezi, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefpcarl29904ND.tif.jpg

Escaphiella viquezi, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29904)

Escapviquefpcarl29904ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

HONDURAS ; NICARAGUA
Escaphiella viquezi coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Escaphiella viquezi, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00000262  HONDURAS  Lempira    Gracias, road to Santa Rosa de Copan  1 Adult Male    642  ;   Roadside, Under rock  29 Sept 2008  C. Viquez, M. Branstetter  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029904  NICARAGUA  Matagalpa    San Dionicio, Finca Alvares, near bridge over Rio Bopal  1 Adult Male  Holotype  350  12.74250; -85.82916  bosque ripario  01 Dec 2007  C. Viquez, J. Mata  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029903  NICARAGUA  Matagalpa    San Dionicio, Finca Alvares, near bridge over Rio Bopal  1 Adult Male    350  12.74250; -85.82916  bosque ripario  01 Dec 2007  C. Viquez, J. Mata  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029904  NICARAGUA  Matagalpa    San Dionicio, Finca Alvares, near bridge over Rio Bopal  1 Adult Female    350  12.74250; -85.82916  bosque ripario  01 Dec 2007  C. Viquez, J. Mata  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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