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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Escaphiella itys       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 27531). Total length 1.57. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, carapace surface sides granulate mainly along the margins, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE touching, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME touching. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified, paturon with anterolateral keel and one large plumose seta on anterior and posterior face at middle of fang base.; fangs directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, striped pigmentation under dorsal scuta. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified, booklung covers very large. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, lateral side of postepigastric scuta smooth. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Supra-anal scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. Spinnerets: PMS: present, seen under compound scope. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Trichobothria examined with Compound microscope; tibia: each with three; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right palp consistently different from left palp, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae; bulb pale orange, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, prolateral surface with stridulatory file..
Escaphiella itys, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mpcard27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mpcarl27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male gonopore (male genital area), ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mpgonv27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mphaba27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mphabd27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mphabl27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mphabv27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mppald27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mppalp27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mppalr27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mppalv27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male palp, right, modified, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mpparp27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male palp, right, modified, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mpparr27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male palp, right, modified, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mpparv27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9mpstev27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male booklung covers, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27562)

Escapitys9mpbocl27562ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, male pedicel, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27562)

Escapitys9mppeda27562ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 27531). Total length 1.69. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace carapace surface sides granulate only along the margins. Mouthparts: Chelicerae paturon with anterolateral keel and one large plumose seta on anterior and posterior face at middle of fang base.. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges, prolateral surface of palpal femur with stridulatory file, palpal tarsus with distal setae forming a distal patch of setae; trichobothria tibia with three dorsal trichobothia.. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions striped pigmentation under soft portions. Book lung covers booklung covers very large. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum lateral side of postepigastric scuta smooth. Spinnerets: PMS: present, seen under compound scope. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Trichobothria examined with Compound microscope.
Escaphiella itys, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fpcard27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fpcarl27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fpepiv27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fphaba27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fphabd27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fphabl27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fphabv27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27531)

Escapitys9fpstev27531ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female booklung covers, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27562)

Escapitys9fpbocl27562ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female pedicel, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27562)

Escapitys9fppeda27562ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27543)

Escapitys9fscard27543ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27543)

Escapitys9fsepiv27543ND.tif

Escaphiella itys, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---27543)

Escapitys9fsifgd27543ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

CAYMAN ISLANDS ; COLOMBIA; JAMAICA; NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VENEZUELA
Escaphiella itys coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Escaphiella itys, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00027565  CAYMAN ISLANDS  Grand Cayman    Run Point  1 Adult Female      19.36666; -81.26666    24 Feb 1993  W. Steiner, J. Swearingen  USNM 
PBI_OON 00027569  COLOMBIA  La Guajira    Riohacha  1 Adult Female      11.54203; -72.90985    28 Feb 1974  J. Kochalka  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00027552  JAMAICA  Clarendon    Salt River  1 Adult Male      17.83333; -77.16667    24 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027545  JAMAICA  Kingston    Buccaneer Beach  1 Adult Female      17.93333; -76.76666    05 Dec 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027536  JAMAICA  Kingston    Gunboat Beach  1 Adult Female      17.93333; -76.75000    19 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027547  JAMAICA  Kingston    Palisadoes Area  4 Adult Female      17.95000; -76.73333    01 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027547  JAMAICA  Kingston    Palisadoes Area  2 Adult Male      17.95000; -76.73333    01 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027546  JAMAICA  Saint Ann    Runaway Bay  1 Adult Female      18.46666; -77.31667    23 Jun 1954  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027532  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Hermitage Road, Mona  5 Adult Female      18.01245; -76.74290    28 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027531  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona Road  13 Adult Male      18.01666; -76.76667    01 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027534  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Liguanea  18 Adult Male      18.01666; -76.76667    01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027538  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Hope Gardens  15 Adult Female      18.03333; -76.75000    01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027543  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona  20 Adult Male      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027531  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona Road  43 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027558  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Liguanea  38 Adult Male      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027539  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Hope Gardens  11 Adult Male      18.03333; -76.75000  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027562  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona  56 Adult Female      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  15 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027553  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Ferry  1 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.86667  citrus orchard  19 Jun 1954  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027535  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona Heights  3 Adult Male      18.01523; -76.75271  citrus orchard  01 Dec 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027555  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Richards Reservoir  17 Adult Male      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027540  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Ferry  2 Adult Male      18.01666; -76.86667  citrus orchard  28 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027555  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Richards Reservoir  58 Adult Female      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027554  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona Road  19 Adult Male      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027562  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona  50 Adult Male      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  15 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027650  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Upper Mountain View  1 Adult Female      18.00038; -76.76944  citrus orchard  10 Nov 1949  C. Lewis  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027538  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Hope Gardens  5 Adult Male      18.03333; -76.75000  citrus orchard  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027563  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Liguanea, Monroe Road  1 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  15 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027561  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona  1 Adult Female      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  04 Nov 1948  S. Underwood  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027535  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona Heights  24 Adult Female      18.01523; -76.75271  citrus orchard  01 Dec 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027540  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Ferry  1 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.86667  citrus orchard  28 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027551  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Richards Reservoir  19 Adult Male      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027554  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona Road  74 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027558  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Liguanea  99 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027542  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Hermitage Reservoir  2 Adult Female      18.08333; -76.76667  citrus orchard  30 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029545  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Bamboo Ave., Liguanea  1 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  14 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027534  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Liguanea  45 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027539  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Hope Gardens  45 Adult Female      18.03333; -76.75000  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027543  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Mona  35 Adult Female      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029545  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Bamboo Ave., Liguanea  1 Adult Male      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  14 Nov 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027551  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Richards Reservoir  36 Adult Female      18.01245; -76.74290  citrus orchard  01 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027541  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Fairway and Seymour Avenues  1 Adult Male      17.99277; -76.79277  citrus orchard  07 Nov 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027557  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Liguanea  9 Adult Female      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Dec 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027557  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Liguanea  3 Adult Male      18.01666; -76.76667  citrus orchard  01 Dec 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027533  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    E end, Innswood Estate  1 Adult Female      17.98333; -77.03333  citrus orchard  10 Dec 1963  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027556  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    1.5 mi SW Spanish Town  1 Adult Female      17.96791; -76.96622  citrus orchard  10 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027559  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    7 mi SE Spanish Town  1 Adult Female      17.91927; -76.88038  thorn scrub  28 Jul 1974  S. Peck  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027537  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    Old Harbour, "The Whim"  2 Adult Female      17.93333; -77.11667  thorn scrub  09 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027550  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    School of Agriculture  8 Adult Female      17.98333; -76.95000  thorn scrub  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027548  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    8 mi W Spanish Town  3 Adult Female      17.98329; -77.07230  thorn scrub  02 Dec 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027550  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    School of Agriculture  8 Adult Male      17.98333; -76.95000  thorn scrub  01 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027556  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    1.5 mi SW Spanish Town  3 Adult Male      17.96791; -76.96622  thorn scrub  10 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027537  JAMAICA  Saint Catherine    Old Harbour, "The Whim"  1 Adult Male      17.93333; -77.11667  thorn scrub  09 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027544  JAMAICA  Saint Thomas    Morant Bay  1 Adult Female      17.86666; -76.40000  thorn scrub  29 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027549  JAMAICA  Saint Thomas    6 mi NE Bath  1 Adult Female      18.01167; -76.28515  thorn scrub  10 Dec 1957  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027564  JAMAICA  Saint Thomas    Morant Cays, NE Cay  1 Adult Male      17.40000; -75.98333  under rock, palm fronds  01 Jul 1965  T. Aitken  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00027566  NETHERLANDS ANTILLES  Curacao    Willemstad  2 Adult Male      12.10000; -68.91667  under rock, palm fronds  24 Dec 1962  H., L. Levi  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027567  NETHERLANDS ANTILLES  Curacao    Coral Specht, 3 km E Willemstad  1 Adult Female      12.09999; -68.88895  under rock, palm fronds  08 Feb 1987  W. Steiner, J. Swearingen  USNM 
PBI_OON 00027568  NETHERLANDS ANTILLES  Curacao    Piscaderabaai  1 Adult Female      12.11666; -68.96667  under rock, palm fronds  18 Dec 1962  H., L. Levi  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029541  VENEZUELA  Distrito Federal    Caracas  1 Adult Male  Holotype    10.50000; -66.90000  under rock, palm fronds    E. Simon  MNHN 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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