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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Scaphiella altamira       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 26359). Total length 1.53. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits, granulation restricted to lateral margins; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae abundant, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified, long flat seta on anterior surface near fang base; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, serrula absent, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: cylindrical, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. Spinnerets: ALS: with three spigots; PMS: with one spigot; PLS: with two spigots. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, distinctly narrowed distal to sperm duct opening; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally, greatly expanded; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically.
Scaphiella altamira, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammpcard26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammpcarl26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammphaba26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammphabd26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammphabl26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammphabv26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammppald26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammppalp26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammppalr26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltammppalv26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsabdd29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male abdomen, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsabdl29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male abdomen, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsabdv29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male ALS, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsalsa29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammscard29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammscarl29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male chelicerae, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammschea29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male chelicerae, posterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammschet29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male embolus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsembd29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male fang, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsfana29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male fang, posterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsfant29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male gonopore (male genital area), ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsgonv29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammspalp29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammspalr29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammspalv29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male PLS, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsplsa29645ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, male spinnerets, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29645)

Scaphaltammsspia29645ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 26359). Total length 1.67. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace granulation restricted to lateral margins. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus expanded, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: anterior sclerite massive, widened throughout its length.
Scaphiella altamira, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfpcard26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfpcarl26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfpepiv26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfphaba26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfphabd26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfphabl26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfphabv26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female pedicel, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---26359)

Scaphaltamfppeda26359ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29642)

Scaphaltamfscard29642ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29642)

Scaphaltamfscarl29642ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29642)

Scaphaltamfsepiv29642ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29642)

Scaphaltamfsifgd29642ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---36949)

Scaphaltamfpifgd36949ND.tif

Scaphiella altamira, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---36949)

Scaphaltamfpifgv36949ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA ; PANAMA
Scaphiella altamira coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Scaphiella altamira, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00026354  COSTA RICA  Heredia    San Pablo  1 Adult Female      9.99277; -84.09027  coffee plantation, dead leaves  26 Aug 2007  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026354  COSTA RICA  Heredia    San Pablo  1 Adult Male      9.99277; -84.09027  coffee plantation, dead leaves  26 Aug 2007  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026353  COSTA RICA  Heredia    San Pablo  1 Adult Female      9.99277; -84.09027  coffee plantation, dead leaves  08 Apr 2007  C. Viquez  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00036950  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Estacion Biologica, Finca Las Cruces, San Vito  1 Adult Male    1219  8.76667; -82.96667  virgin forest, leaf litter in stream bed  19 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00036949  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Estacion Biologica, Finca Las Cruces, San Vito  2 Adult Male    1219  8.76667; -82.96667  forest, leaf mold on floor  14 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00026359  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Altamira, Alrededor Estacion  2 Adult Female      10.46666; -84.35000  litter  05 Aug 2003  C. Viquez, R. Gutierrez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00036948  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Estacion Biologica, Finca Las Cruces, San Vito  1 Adult Male    1219  8.76667; -82.96667  leaf mold on floor  15 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00026359  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Altamira, Alrededor Estacion  1 Adult Male  Holotype    10.46666; -84.35000  Leaf Litter  05 Aug 2003  C. Viquez, R. Gutierrez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00031059  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, near hotel  1 Adult Male    1500  10.32777; -84.81888  scrub  26 Aug 1983  J., F. Murphy  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00036947  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Estacion Biologica, Finca Las Cruces, San Vito  1 Adult Female    1219  8.76667; -82.96667  virgin forest, litter  18 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00000304  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    13 km SSW Puerto Jiminez  3 Adult Male    130  8.40667; -83.32806  virgin forest, litter  10 Mar 2008  J. Longino  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029650  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00036949  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Estacion Biologica, Finca Las Cruces, San Vito  1 Adult Female    1219  8.76667; -82.96667  forest, leaf mold on floor  14 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00037762  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Male    1500  10.32777; -84.81888  roadside scrub  28 Aug 1983  J., F. Murphy  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029639  PANAMA  Chiriqui    12 km W Hato del Volcano  1 Adult Male    1372  8.77029; -82.74331  cloud forest, litter  27 Jun 1976  A. Newton  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029645  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Las Lagunas, 5km SW Hato del Volcan  6 Adult Male    1360  8.73880; -82.66431  cloud forest, litter  22 May 1977  S. Peck  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010145  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Las Lagunas, 5km SW Hato del Volcan  1 Adult Female    1360  8.73880; -82.66431  forest, litter  22 May 1977  S. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00010160  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Las Lagunas, 5km SW Hato del Volcan  2 Adult Male    1360  8.73880; -82.66431  litter, inga pods  27 May 1977  S. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00031062  PANAMA  Chiriqui    5 mi W Hato del Volcan  1 Adult Male    1000  8.77029; -82.74331  rainforest edge  10 Aug 1983  J., F. Murphy  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010145  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Las Lagunas, 5km SW Hato del Volcan  3 Adult Male    1360  8.73880; -82.66431  forest, litter  22 May 1977  S. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00010193  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Quebrada de Los Caidos  1 Adult Male    1200  ;   litter at tree fern near waterfall  06 Jan 1981  W. Suter  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00029642  PANAMA  Chiriqui    24 km W Hato del Volcano  1 Adult Female    1158  8.77125; -82.84918  cloud forest, litter  26 Jun 1976  A. Newton  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00010144  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Las Lagunas, 5km SW Hato del Volcan  1 Adult Male    1360  8.73880; -82.66431  litter under dead possum  22 May 1977  S. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00010143  PANAMA  Chiriqui    4.5 km WSW Hato del Volcan  1 Adult Female    1300  8.74697; -82.65710  frass under bark and fungi  22 May 1977  S., J. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00029642  PANAMA  Chiriqui    24 km W Hato del Volcano  1 Adult Male    1158  8.77125; -82.84918  cloud forest, litter  26 Jun 1976  A. Newton  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00010143  PANAMA  Chiriqui    4.5 km WSW Hato del Volcan  2 Adult Male    1300  8.74697; -82.65710  frass under bark and fungi  22 May 1977  S., J. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00010160  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Las Lagunas, 5km SW Hato del Volcan  3 Adult Female    1360  8.73880; -82.66431  litter, inga pods  27 May 1977  S. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00029643  PANAMA  Colon    Santa Rita Ridge, 10 mi SE Colon  2 Adult Male    270  9.24164; -79.82133  litter, inga pods  10 Jun 1977  S. Peck  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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