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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Cavisternum mayorum       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 6167). Total length 1.14. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica flat in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present in u-shaped row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row straight from both above and front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME touching. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity present, occupying most of the sternum length, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, with oval field of clavate setae not reaching anterior margin, covering about 3/4 of sternum length and about 1/2 of sternum witdth; setae sparse, light, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified, fangs extremely long thin undulate, and bent in x-shaped position; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed posteriorly, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, strongly protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, long, almost rectangular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with long posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Supra-anal scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of short setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, circular, situated in front of anterior spiracles, with strongly protruding extension; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, embolus medially bent, longer than BB040.; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella about as long as femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically.
Cavisternum mayorum, male carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormpcara06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormphabd06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormphabl06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormphabv06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormppald06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormppalp06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormppalr06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormpstev06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormdpald06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormdpalp06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayormdpalr06167BB.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 6167). Total length 1.16. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Sternum median concavity absent. Mouthparts: fangs directed medially. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Epigastric scutum not protruding, without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined.
Cavisternum mayorum, female habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfphabd06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfphabl06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfphabv06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfpstev06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfppalr06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfpcara06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfpabdd06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfdepiv06167BB.tif

Cavisternum mayorum, female epigynum, epigynal area, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06167)

cavismayorfdepid06167BB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

AUSTRALIA
Cavisternum mayorum coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Cavisternum mayorum, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00023347  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    4k NE of Undilla on Gregory Downs--Camooweal Rd  1 Adult Female  Paratype  255  -19.60176; 138.74160    30 Jun 2006  R. Raven, B. Baehr, A. Amey  QM 
PBI_OON 00006167  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    4k NE of Undilla on Gregory Downs--Camooweal Rd  1 Adult Male  Holotype  255  -19.60176; 138.74160    30 Jun 2006  R. Raven, B. Baehr, A. Amey  QM 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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