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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Xyphinus hystrix Simon, 1893       Get publication


Xyphinus hystrix Simon, 1893a: 303, f. 254-255 .
Xyphinus hystrix Simon, 1893c: 76 (Dmf).
Xyphinus hystrix Deeleman-Reinhold, 1987: 42, f. 1-7 (mf).

            Male (PBI_OON 6249). Total length 1.82. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface with 2 pairs of spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides finely reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, with sharply pointed denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae absent; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae dark, needle-like. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, PME largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum as long as wide, orange-brown, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III present, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures not touching, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from small pits, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae widely divergent; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, densest medially; paturon distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified. Labium rectangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; without setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with backwards folded ridge, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube long, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, circular, situated in front of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments white; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, with complex embolar apparatus; trochanter normal size; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella about as long as femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium white, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb white, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically.
Xyphinus hystrix, male habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmphabd06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmphabl06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmphabv06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmppalp06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmppalr06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male palp, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmppalv06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmpstev06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmpcara06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, male carapace, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRmpcarl06249BB.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 6249). Total length 1.75. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Mouthparts: Chelicerae anterior face unmodified; paturon inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Postepigastric scutum not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined.
Xyphinus hystrix, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpabdd06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female abdomen, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpabdl06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female abdomen, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpabdv06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpcara06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female carapace, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpcard06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female carapace, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpcarl06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female epigynum, epigynal area, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpepid06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female sternum, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpstel06249BB.tif

Xyphinus hystrix, female sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---06249)

XYPHIHYSTRfpstev06249BB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

MALAYSIA ; SINGAPORE
Xyphinus hystrix coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Xyphinus hystrix, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00015678  MALAYSIA  Pahang  Pulau Tioman  2 km SE of Kg. Genting  2 Adult Male    100  2.78333; 104.13333    25 Jun 2001  A. Schultz, K. Vock  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00015422  MALAYSIA  Pahang  Pulau Tioman  1 km N of Kg. Genting  1 Adult Male    175  2.78333; 104.13444    20 Apr 2005  A. Schultz  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00012674  MALAYSIA  Pahang  Pulau Tioman  2 km E of Kg. Tekek  1 Adult Female    500  2.81806; 104.18333    23 Apr 2005  A. Schultz  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00006249  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Singapore  1 Adult Male  Holotype    ;     01 Jan 1893  Simon  MNHN 
PBI_OON 00012481  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Bukit Timah, Nature Reserve, Jungle Fall Valley  1 Adult Male    100  1.34839; 103.77746    09 Jun 2001  Peter Schwendinger  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00031938  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Bukit Timah  2 Adult Female      1.35470; 103.77605    21 Feb 1983  Deeleman, Christa  RMNH 
PBI_OON 00012175  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Bukit Timah, Nature Reserve  1 Adult Female    100  1.38333; 103.78333    16 Aug 2004  A. Schultz  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00031938  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Bukit Timah  1 Adult Male      1.35470; 103.77605    21 Feb 1983  Deeleman, Christa  RMNH 
PBI_OON 00012790  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Bukit Timah Nat. Res.  1 Adult Female      1.35470; 103.77605    27 Jul 1969  D. Murphy  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00006249  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Singapore  1 Adult Female  Paratype    ;     01 Jan 1893  Simon  MNHN 
PBI_OON 00012481  SINGAPORE  Singapore    Bukit Timah, Nature Reserve, Jungle Fall Valley  1 Adult Female    100  1.34839; 103.77746    09 Jun 2001  Peter Schwendinger  MHNG 


 
 
 
 
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