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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Scaphiella kalunda Chickering, 1968       Get publication


Scaphiella kalunda Chickering, 1968d: 145, f. 15-21 (Dmf).

            Male (PBI_OON 29839). Total length 1.20. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits, few granules, restricted to margins; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae abundant, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, serrula absent, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites with spiniform anteromedian tip. ABDOMEN: cylindrical, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, originated on distal portion of bulb, tip rounded; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally, slightly expanded; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, projected ventrally at level of embolus origin.
Scaphiella kalunda, male abdomen, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmpabdv29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmpcard29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmpcarl29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male endites, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmpendv29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male gonopore (male genital area), ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmpgonv29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmphaba29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmphabd29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmphabl29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmphabv29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmppald29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmppalp29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmppalr29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmppalv29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male pedicel, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmppeda29839ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29839)

Scaphkalunmpstev29839ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 29840). Total length 1.12. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace few granules, restricted to margins. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus expanded, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints, with scattered denticles along anterolateral margins. Postepigastric scutum without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: epigynal atrium wide, short, heavily sclerotized anteriorly, with short anterior sclerite. Dorsal view: apodemes short, directed posteromedially.
Scaphiella kalunda, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfpcard29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfpcarl29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfpepiv29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female habitus, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfphaba29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female habitus, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfphabd29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female habitus, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfphabl29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female habitus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfphabv29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfpstev29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female pedicel, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29840)

Scaphkalunfppeda29840ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29836)

Scaphkalunfpifgd29836ND.tif

Scaphiella kalunda, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---29836)

Scaphkalunfpifgv29836ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)
Scaphiella kalunda coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Scaphiella kalunda, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029837  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Hill above Butlers  1 Adult Male      18.33795; -64.73856  moist litter  05 Jun 1974  W. Muchmore  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029652  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Brown Bay  1 Adult Female      18.36079; -64.70594  base of tree  19 Jun 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029657  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Base Hill  1 Adult Female      18.35556; -64.71156  litter  12 Oct 1979  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029661  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Calabash Boom  1 Adult Male      18.32970; -64.70360  Under rock  16 Oct 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029665  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Calabash Boom  1 Adult Male      18.32970; -64.70360  leaf litter on hillside  13 Oct 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029840  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    St. John  1 Adult Female  Paratype    18.34417; -64.75385  leaf litter on hillside  25 Jul 1966  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029551  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Saint John Island  1 Adult Male  Holotype    18.33984; -64.79980  leaf litter on hillside  23 Jul 1966  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029656  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Little Lameshur Bay  1 Adult Male      18.32302; -64.72696  rock nears shore  18 Jun 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029660  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Ram Head  1 Adult Male      18.30002; -64.70253  under low shrubs  17 Jun 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029664  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Cinnamon Bay, Nature Trail  1 Adult Female      18.35248; -64.76053  litter, base of trees and logs  04 Jun 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029836  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Trunk Bay  1 Adult Male      18.35172; -64.76833  litter in moist stream bed  10 Jun 1974  W. Muchmore  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029839  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    St. John  1 Adult Male      18.34417; -64.75385  litter in moist stream bed  24 Jul 1966  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029654  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Salt Pond Bay  1 Adult Female      18.30825; -64.70596  litter  10 Oct 1979  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029659  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Reef Bay, Panforce Estate House  1 Adult Male      18.32444; -64.74556  litter along wall  01 Jan 1975  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029663  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Brown Bay  1 Adult Male      18.36079; -64.70594  base of old stump  19 Jun 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029835  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Reef Bay, Trail head  1 Adult Male      18.32444; -64.74556  debris along wall  20 Jul 1975  W. Muchmore  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029838  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Catherineberg Estate  1 Adult Male      18.34639; -64.74472  debris along wall of mill  20 Jul 1975  W. Muchmore  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029653  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Drunk Bay  1 Adult Female      18.31002; -64.70249  litter under buch, cacti  18 Jun 1980  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029658  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Lameshur Bay  2 Adult Female      18.31714; -64.72578  under large tamarind tree  06 Jun 1979  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029662  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Great Lameshur Bay  1 Adult Female      18.31714; -64.72578  litter among rocks, above shore  05 Jun 1979  W. Muchmore  FSCA 
PBI_OON 00029666  VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)  St. John    Reef Bay, Trail head  1 Adult Female      18.32444; -64.74556  pteroglyphs debris in rock niches  14 Jun 1974  W. Muchmore  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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