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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Xyphinus deelemanae       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 12540). Total length 1.70. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with angular posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with slightly sclerotized triangular projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea present, denticles on lateral margins tiny, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, straight in front view, sloping forward in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like, four slightly longer and thicker hairs on margin of clypeus, directed anteriorly. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, PME largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum as long as wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures not touching, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner with strongly sclerotized triangle in male, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face with swelling, anterior surface covered with many granules; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed posteriorly, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, much more heavily sclerotized than sternum, posterior margin of labium sclerotized; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip with backwards folded ridge, posteromedian part unmodified, much more heavily sclerotized than sternum, posteromedian part strongly sclerotized. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly, frontally strongly narrowed, overlapping carapace, almost reaching highest point of carapace; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified, ovoid, narrow and elongated. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region with W-shaped scutal ridge, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, with four scutal ridges, the one closest to the pedicel is W-shaped, the three others are straight and slightly elevated in the middle. These elevations each bear a pair of long needle-like setae, directed anteriorly. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half with projecting denticles, projecting denticles are blunt. Dorsal scutum embedding narrow tip of abdomen. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites present, small lateral sclerites barely visible. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, almost semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like, setae very long and strong. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like, shorter and thinner than setae on dorsal area. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like, shorter and thinner than setae on dorsal area. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi metatarsi III and IV with harpoon-like hairs. Spur on dorsal apex of Metatarsi II, III and IV (leg I missing). Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria examined with Compound microscope; tibia: II three, III three, IV three; metatarsus: II one, III one, IV one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, one to two times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella subbasally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, with many granules on prolateral surface (stridulatory function?); tibia with many granules on prolateral surface (stridulatory function, trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb pale orange, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, spherical, distal part of bulb strongly sclerotized. Thin, membranous ribbon retrolaterally, as long as bulb. Roundish, membranous apophysis prolaterally. Dark, sclerotized structure visible in between.
Xyphinus deelemanae, male habitus, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemphabd12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male habitus, lateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemphabl12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male carapace, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempcard12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male carapace, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempcarv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male carapace, lateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempcarl12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male carapace, anterior view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempcara12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male carapace, posterior view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempcarT12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempabdd12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male abdomen, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempabdv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male abdomen, lateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempabdl12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male abdomen, anterior view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempabda12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male leg III, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemple3p12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male tarsus III, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempta3p12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male chelicerae, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempchep12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palp, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemppalp12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palp, retrolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemppalr12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palpal tibia, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelempptip12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palp, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemdpalp12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palp, retrolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemdpalr12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palp, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---32567)

xyphideelemdpalp32567YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palp, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemspalp12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male chelicerae, prolateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemschep12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, male palp, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelemdpalv12540YK.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 12540). Total length 1.89. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace fovea absent, denticles on lateral margins tiny. Clypeus vertical in lateral view; setae four slightly longer and thicker hairs on margin of clypeus, directed anteriorly. Sternum longer than wide. Mouthparts: Chelicerae swelling on paturon anterior face not as prominent as in male. Labium anterior margin not indented at middle, posterior margin of labium sclerotized. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, femora with two strong spinelike hairs ventrally. Tibiae with few long, spinelike hairs retrolaterally; trichobothria tibia with three trichobothria. ABDOMEN: frontally strongly narrowed, overlapping carapace, almost reaching highest point of carapace. Book lung covers ovoid, narrow and elongated. Pedicel with four scutal ridges, the one closest to the pedicel is W-shaped, the three others are straight and slightly elevated in the middle. These elevations each bear a pair of long needle-like setae, directed anteriorly. Dorsal scutum covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, projecting denticles are blunt. Dorsal scutum embedding narrow tip of abdomen. Epigastric scutum strongly protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum not fused to epigastric scutum. Dorsum setae setae very long and strong. Epigastric area shorter and thinner than setae on dorsal area. Postepigastric area setae shorter and thinner than setae on dorsal area. LEGS: patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, metatarsi metatarsi III and IV with harpoon-like hairs. Spur on dorsal apex of Metatarsi I, II, III and IV. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Compound microscope; tibia: I three; metatarsus: I one. GENITALIA: Shape: epigastric furrow narrow. Dark sclerotized, triangle-shaped, strongly protruding structure visible, slightly elongated posteriorly. Two lateral apodemes visible, ending in the sclerotized structure.
Xyphinus deelemanae, female habitus, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefphabd12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female habitus, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefphabv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female habitus, lateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefphabl12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female carapace, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpcard12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female carapace, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpcarv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female carapace, lateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpcarl12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female carapace, anterior view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpcara12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female carapace, posterior view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpcarT12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpabdd12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female abdomen, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpabdv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female abdomen, lateral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpabdl12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female abdomen, anterior view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpabda12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpepiv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female epigynum, epigynal area, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefpepid12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female abdomen, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefsabdv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefdepiv12540YK.tif

Xyphinus deelemanae, female epigynum, epigynal area, dorsal view (image by YK, specimen ID: ---12540)

xyphideelefdepid12540YK.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

MALAYSIA
Xyphinus deelemanae coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00032567  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Mulu National Park, 100km SEE of Miri  1 Adult Male  Holotype  200  4.00000; 14.81667    19 Aug 2003  A. Schultz  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00031876  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Miri, Niah National Park  2 Adult Female  Paratype    ;     16 Apr 1998  Deeleman, Christa  RMNH 
PBI_OON 00012540  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Mulu National Park, 100km SEE of Miri  1 Adult Female  Paratype  200  4.00000; 14.81667    19 Aug 2003  A. Schultz  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00012540  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Mulu National Park, 100km SEE of Miri  1 Adult Male  Paratype  200  4.00000; 14.81667    19 Aug 2003  A. Schultz  MHNG 


 
 
 
 
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