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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Ischnothyreus pterodactyl       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 5631). Total length 1.77. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace brown, with dark brown egg-shaped patches behind eyes, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides strongly reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present in one row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE touching, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME touching. Sternum as long as wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; promargin with three or more teeth, retromargin without teeth; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, with prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin with medial denticles, laminate groove absent. Labium elongated hexagon, not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale orange, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, brown, without color pattern, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, short, almost rectangular, covering about 2/3 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. LEGS: orange-brown, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-2-0; II p0-1-0; tibiae: I, II p2-2-0; v2-2-0; metatarsi: I, II p1-1-0; v1-1-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Compound microscope; tibia: each with three; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, triangular with rounded angles, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow with pair of omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments dark red-brown; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, with ventral projection; femur normal size, shorter than trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella about as long as femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium dark red-brown, ovoid in dorsal view, fused with bulb but with clearly defined seam between, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb dark red-brown, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically.

            Female (PBI_OON 5639). Total length 2.20. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace without any pattern, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less. Mouthparts: fangs without prominent basal process. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum covering 1/2 to 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum widely hexagonal, covering about 1/3 of the abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets present. Colulus present. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-2-2; II p0-1-0; tibiae: I, II p2-2-0; v2-2-0; metatarsi: I, II p1-1-0; v1-1-0; (leg I: 3-4 spines on femora. Spines on femora as long as segment width, other spines much longer.. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Compound microscope.
 

DISTRIBUTION

AUSTRALIA
Ischnothyreus pterodactyl coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Ischnothyreus pterodactyl, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Bruxner Pk, via Coffs Harbour  1 Adult Female    150  -30.23333; 153.10000    13 Nov 1980  G. & S. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Bruxner Pk, via Coffs Harbour  1 Adult Female    150  -30.23333; 153.10000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Mar 1980  G. Monteith  QM 
PBI_OON 00022217  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Beech Picnic Area, Wiangaree  3 Adult Female    1000  -28.37300; 153.10070  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Apr 2002  G. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Bruxner Pk, via Coffs Harbour  7 Mixed    150  -30.23333; 153.10000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Mar 1980  G. Monteith  QM 
PBI_OON 00025871  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Bruxner Pk, via Coffs Harbour  2 Adult Male    150  -30.23333; 153.10000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  14 May 1969  R.W. Taylor  ANIC 
PBI_OON 00026293  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Washpool State Forest, Coombadjah Creek  2 Adult Female      -29.26666; 152.36666  Leaf Litter  12 Feb 1982  Christine Horseman  AM 
PBI_OON 00025729  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Border Ranges NP, Brindle Creek  1 Adult Female      -28.37277; 153.06916  rainforest alongside creek, Leaf Litter  09 May 2007  K. Edward & K. Pitz  QM 
PBI_OON 00026297  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Bruxner Pk, via Coffs Harbour  2 Mixed    150  -30.23333; 153.10000  rainforest, leaf mold, rotten wood  25 Jun 1967  R.W. Taylor  ANIC 
  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Bruxner Pk, via Coffs Harbour  9 Mixed    150  -30.23333; 153.10000  rainforest, leaf mold, rotten wood  22 Mar 1980  G. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  New South Wales    Gibraltar Ra NP  1 Adult Male    450  -29.58333; 152.21670  rainforest  30 Mar 1980  G. Monteith  QM 
PBI_OON 00021959  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Mt Superbus, false summit, Trap 3  1 Adult Male    1200  -28.23333; 152.46670  rainforest  12 Mar 1990  T.B. Churchill, R.J. Raven  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, IBISCA Plot #IQ-700-CKD  1 Adult Female    750  -28.23888; 153.15277  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Jan 2008  S. Wright, A. Nakamura  QM 
PBI_OON 00022041  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    U Tallebudgera Ck  1 Adult Male    550  -28.25000; 153.26670  rainforest, Leaf Litter  08 Jan 1984  G. Monteith, G. Thompson  QM 
PBI_OON 00025728  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Tamborine NP, Curtis Falls Track  1 Adult Female      -27.93194; 153.19388  rainforest, Leaf Litter  11 May 2007  K. Edward & K. Pitz  QM 
PBI_OON 00022246  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    5.5km E of One Tree Hill  1 Adult Female    120  -25.33583; 151.90970  semi-evergreen vine thicket  14 Dec 1999  G. & S. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Male      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  15 Dec 1981  G. Monteith, R. Raven, D. Yeates  QM 
PBI_OON 00007218  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  4 Adult Male      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest  02 Mar 1980  G. Monteith, D. Yeates  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reillys Guest House  2 Adult Female      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  23 Aug 1981  G. Monteith  QM 
PBI_OON 00021994  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Mt Superbus, Site 7  1 Adult Female    850  -28.23333; 152.48330  rainforest, Leaf Litter  12 Mar 1990  T.B. Churchill, R.J. Raven  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, 0.5 km SSE Binna Burra Lodge  1 Adult Female    770  -28.19777; 153.19000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  18 Mar 2008  S. Wright, A. Nakamura  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, Lukes Bluff Rd  1 Adult Female    960  -28.31667; 153.08330  rainforest, Leaf Litter  12 Dec 1981  G. Monteith, R. Raven, D. Yeates  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP IBISCA, 700 C  1 Adult Male    700  -28.00527; 153.00000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  20 Jan 2008  S. Wright, A. Nakamura  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, IBISCA Plot #IQ-700-CKD  1 Adult Female    750  -28.23888; 153.15277  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Jan 2008  A. Nakamura  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP IBISCA, 900 D  1 Adult Male    920  -28.36666; 153.21666  rainforest, Leaf Litter  11 Mar 2007  D. Putland, S. Staunton  QM 
PBI_OON 00022246  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    5.5km E of One Tree Hill  1 Adult Male    120  -25.33583; 151.90970  semi-evergreen vine thicket  14 Dec 1999  G. & S. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP  1 Adult Male    960  -28.20000; 153.16670  rainforest, Leaf Litter  09 Jul 1977  R. Raven  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Female      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  09 Jul 1977  R. Raven  QM 
PBI_OON 00026296  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Female      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Nov 1978  Lawrence, Weir  ANIC 
PBI_OON 00007230  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Female      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest  02 Mar 1980  G. Monteith, D. Yeates  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, Lukes Bluff Rd  1 Adult Male    960  -28.31667; 153.08330  rainforest  12 Dec 1981  G. Monteith, R. Raven, D. Yeates  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP IBISCA, 1100 C  3 Adult Male    1100  -28.00000; 153.00000  rainforest, bark  26 Oct 2006  C. Burwell  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, O'Reillys  1 Adult Female    960  -28.23333; 153.13330  rainforest, bark  15 Jan 1982  G. Monteith, R. Raven, D. Yeates  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, IBISCA Plot #IQ-700-CKA  1 Adult Male    720  -28.23694; 153.15194  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Jan 2008  C. Burwell  QM 
PBI_OON 00022134  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    5.5km E of One Tree Hill  1 Adult Male    120  -25.33583; 151.90970  rainforest, Leaf Litter  14 Dec 1999  G. & S. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP IBISCA, 700 D  1 Adult Male    700  -28.00000; 153.00000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  20 Jan 2008  S. Wright, A. Nakamura  QM 
PBI_OON 00005639  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, Binna Burra, along Border Track  1 Adult Female  Paratype  900  -28.19861; 153.18750  rainforest, shrubbery  29 Apr 2009  H. Wood  CAS 
PBI_OON 00023583  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP IBISCA, 500 C  1 Adult Female    500  -28.00000; 153.00000  rainforest, litter  26 Jul 2007  S. Wright  QM 
PBI_OON 00025890  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Kroombit Tops, 45 km SSW. of Calliope  1 Adult Male    890  -24.41666; 151.01666  rainforest, Leaf Litter  10 Dec 1983  G. Monteith, V. Davies, J. Gallon, G. Thompson  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Male      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  09 Jul 1977  R. Raven  QM 
PBI_OON 00026296  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Male      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Nov 1978  Lawrence, Weir  ANIC 
PBI_OON 00007230  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Male      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest  02 Mar 1980  G. Monteith, D. Yeates  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, O'Reillys  3 Adult Male    960  -28.23333; 153.13330  rainforest  15 Jan 1982  G. Monteith, D. Yeates  QM 
PBI_OON 00021974  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, Binna Burra  1 Adult Female      -28.18333; 153.18333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  21 Mar 2006  M. Ramírez  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, O'Reillys  1 Adult Male    960  -28.23333; 153.13330  rainforest, Leaf Litter  15 Jan 1982  G. Monteith, R. Raven, D. Yeates  QM 
PBI_OON 00021973  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Mt Superbus, summit  1 Adult Female    1350  -28.22183; 152.45280  rainforest, Leaf Litter  24 Oct 1998  G. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP IBISCA, 700 D  1 Adult Female    700  -28.00000; 153.00000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  20 Jan 2008  S. Wright, A. Nakamura  QM 
PBI_OON 00005631  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, Binna Burra, along Border Track  1 Adult Male  Holotype  900  -28.19861; 153.18750  rainforest, Leaf Litter  29 Apr 2009  H. Wood  CAS 
PBI_OON 00005910  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Upper Tallebudgera valley, below Springbrook  2 Adult Female    550  -28.25000; 153.26666  rainforest, Leaf Litter  08 Jan 1985  G. Monteith, D. Cook, G. Thompson  QM 
PBI_OON 00022134  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    5.5km E of One Tree Hill  1 Adult Male    120  -25.33583; 151.90970  semi-evergreen vine thicket  14 Dec 1999  G. & S. Monteith  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Female      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  15 Dec 1981  G. Monteith, R. Raven, D. Yeates  QM 
PBI_OON 00026295  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reilly’s  1 Adult Male      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Nov 1978  Lawrence, Weir  ANIC 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington National Park, O’Reillys Guest House  1 Adult Male      -28.23333; 153.13333  rainforest, Leaf Litter  14 Dec 1981  G. Monteith, D. Yeates  QM 
PBI_OON 00022004  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Mt Superbus, Trap 1  1 Adult Female    1350  -28.23333; 152.48330  rainforest, Leaf Litter  12 Mar 1990  T.B. Churchill, R.J. Raven  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, 0.6 km N of Ballanjui Falls  1 Adult Female    460  -28.20694; 153.20277  rainforest, Leaf Litter  19 Mar 2008  S. Wright, A. Nakamura  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP, O'Reillys, Wishing Tree Circuit  5 Adult Male    960  -28.25000; 153.15000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  27 Dec 1981  G. Monteith, R. Raven, D. Yeates  QM 
  AUSTRALIA  Queensland    Lamington NP IBISCA, 700 C  1 Adult Male    700  -28.00527; 153.00000  rainforest, Leaf Litter  20 Jan 2008  S. Wright, A. Nakamura  QM 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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