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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Orchestina galapagos       Get publication



            Female (PBI_OON 36907). Total length 1.43. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, sloping forward in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, posterior eye row slightly recurved in front view, PME largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row recurved from above; ALE separated by more than their diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum as long as wide, yellowish white, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium yellowish white. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, round, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, with fringe of setae, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum absent, but abdomen extending anteriad of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent, without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum absent. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus present. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I longer than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia I Emerit’s glands absent, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; tibia: each with three; metatarsus: each with one.
Orchestina galapagos, female habitus, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36907)

orchegalapfphabd36907MI.tif

Orchestina galapagos, female habitus, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36907)

orchegalapfphabv36907MI.tif

Orchestina galapagos, female habitus, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36907)

orchegalapfphabl36907MI.tif

Orchestina galapagos, female abdomen, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36903)

orchegalapfpabdl36903MI.tif

Orchestina galapagos, female abdomen, prolateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36903)

orchegalapfpabdp36903MI.tif

Orchestina galapagos, female abdomen, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36903)

orchegalapfpabdv36903MI.tif

Orchestina galapagos, female carapace, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36903)

orchegalapfpcarl36903MI.tif

Orchestina galapagos, female sternum, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---36903)

orchegalapfpstev36903MI.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

ECUADOR ; JAMAICA; PANAMA
Orchestina galapagos coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Orchestina galapagos, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00027613  ECUADOR  Galapagos    Isla Santiago, La Tragica  1 Adult Female    360  ;     04 Mar 1983  Y. Lubin  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00043574  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Floreana  Cerro Pajas, S. E. slope  4 Adult Female    360  ;     20 Feb 1977  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036906  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Floreana  Old wittmer farm house  1 Adult Female    300  ;     21 Jan 1977  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043580  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Floreana  Asilia de la Paz, Cerro Wittmer  1 Adult Female    300  ;   Leaf Litter  22 Feb 1977  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00042701  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Floreana  SE slope Cerro de la Paja  1 Adult Female    380  -1.30889; -90.43194  Under and on lava roks in dry soil substrate.  21 Feb 1977  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043581  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Gevovesa  Bahia Darwin  1 Adult Female    15  ;   Leaf Litter  12 Oct 1975  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043583  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Isabela  1 km S. Cerro Verde  8 Subadult sex unknown    320  ;   moss  16 Jan 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043583  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Isabela  1 km S. Cerro Verde  2 Adult Female    320  ;   moss  16 Jan 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00042818  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Isabela  Alemania  1 Adult Female      ;   moss  22 Jan 1977  W. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043577  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  Tres Palos area  1 Adult Female    110  ;   beneath loose bark  11 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00042702  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  San Cristobal, tres Palos, 0.3 km W Escuela Cabo, 150-160m  1 Adult Female      ;   beneath loose bark  11 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043575  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  Trail from Tres Palos to Espinero  1 Adult Female    160  ;   beneath loose bark  12 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00042703  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  San Cristobal, tres Palos, 0.3 km W Escuela Cabo, 150-160m  1 Juvenile sex unknown      ;   beneath loose bark  13 Feb 1978  W. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00042817  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  Cerro Pelado  4 Juvenile sex unknown    450  ;   beneath loose bark  17 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036905  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  Tres Palos area  2 Juvenile sex unknown    110  ;   beneath loose bark  11 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00042703  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  San Cristobal, tres Palos, 0.3 km W Escuela Cabo, 150-160m  1 Adult Female      ;   beneath loose bark  13 Feb 1978  W. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00042817  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  Cerro Pelado  2 Adult Female    450  ;   beneath loose bark  17 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036907  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  San Cristobal, Cerro Pelado  1 Adult Female  Holotype  450  ;   beneath loose bark  17 Feb 1978  W. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036905  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  Tres Palos area  2 Adult Female    110  ;   beneath loose bark  11 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036904  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  San Cristobal, Tres Palos 0.3 km W Escuela Cabo  1 Adult Female      ;   beneath loose bark  13 Feb 1978  W. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036901  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  San Cristóbal  Tres Palos area  5 Adult Female    185  ;   cultivated area, Psidium guajava, Jatropha, Tournefortia, Kalanchoe  11 Feb 1978  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043569  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Santa Cruz  Trail to Bellavista  2 Adult Female    100  ;   under rocks and dead Zanthoxylum limb  11 Oct 1975  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036902  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Santa Cruz  Trail to Bellavista  3 Adult Female    125  ;   under rocks and dead Zanthoxylum limb  11 Oct 1975  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036900  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Santa Cruz  Trail to Bellavista  1 Juvenile sex unknown    100  ;   under rocks and dead Zanthoxylum limb  11 Oct 1975  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043582  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Santa Cruz  Charles Darwin Research Station  1 Adult Female      -0.74141; -90.30423  under rocks and dead Zanthoxylum limb  01 Jan 1978  unknown  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036909  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Santa Cruz  Santa Cruz  1 Adult Female      ;   under rocks and dead Zanthoxylum limb    W. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00036903  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Santa Cruz  Trail to Bellavista  2 Adult Female    195  ;   under rocks and dead Zanthoxylum limb  11 Sept 1975  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00043571  ECUADOR  Galápagos islands  Santa Cruz  Trail to Bellavista  1 Adult Female    125  ;   herbs and ferns  11 Oct 1975  W. G. Reeder  TMM 
PBI_OON 00038164  ECUADOR  Pichincha    4.7 km S Santo Domingo  1 Adult Female      -0.15100; -78.58166  herbs and ferns  01 Jul 1975  R. Forsyth  CNC 
PBI_OON 00027363  JAMAICA  Hanover Parish    Askenish Trail to Dolphin Head  1 Adult Female    385  18.36667; -78.16667  herbs and ferns  24 Jun 1954  unknown  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029415  JAMAICA  Saint Ann    2 mi S of Unity Valley  1 Adult Female    431  18.24972; -77.11667  herbs and ferns  09 Dec 1954  A. Nadler  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00001490  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Stony Hill  1 Adult Female    497  18.07900; -76.78300  herbs and ferns  18 Oct 1957  A. Chickering  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042766  JAMAICA  Saint Andrew    Hope Gardens, Kingston  1 Adult Female      18.03333; -76.75000  herbs and ferns  14 Mar 1955  A. Nadler  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00026471  JAMAICA  St. James    1/2 mile E Reading  1 Adult Female      ;   herbs and ferns  23 Jun 1959  unknown  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00029413  JAMAICA  Trelawny Parish    Kinloss  1 Adult Male    209  18.40388; -77.56048  herbs and ferns  23 Mar 1955  A. Nadler  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027358  PANAMA  Canal Zone    Experimental Gardens  11 Adult Female      9.07491; -79.62940  herbs and ferns  18 Aug 1954  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027358  PANAMA  Canal Zone    Experimental Gardens  3 Juvenile sex unknown      9.07491; -79.62940  herbs and ferns  18 Aug 1954  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027362  PANAMA  Colon    Barro Colorado Island, Canal Zone  1 Adult Female    179  9.15472; -79.84806  herbs and ferns  05 May 1964  unknown  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00037738  PANAMA  Darien    Park National Darien, Est. Rancho Frio Pirre  1 Adult Female      7.90832; -77.80522  herbs and ferns  21 Mar 2000  R. Cabra, A. Santos, S. Bermudez  GBFM 
PBI_OON 00001979  PANAMA  Panama  Barro Colorado  Canal Zone  1 Adult Female    170  9.15388; -79.85138  herbs and ferns  20 Apr 1953  A. Nadler  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001980  PANAMA  Panama  Barro Colorado  Canal Zone  1 Adult Female    170  9.15388; -79.85138  herbs and ferns  03 Apr 1935  A. Nadler  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001981  PANAMA  Panama  Barro Colorado  Canal Zone  1 Adult Female    170  9.15388; -79.85138  herbs and ferns  01 Apr 1953  A. Nadler  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00027361  PANAMA  Panama    Summit Gardens  1 Adult Female      9.04201; -79.63052  herbs and ferns  12 Aug 1954  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00027359  PANAMA  Panama    Summit  1 Adult Female      9.04697; -79.64056  herbs and ferns  07 Jul 1950  A. Chickering  MCZ 


 
 
 
 
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