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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Toloonops jacala       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 31140). Total length 1.71. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, symmetrical elevations at anterior sternum rim absent (only slit present); setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered, thick, distinctly anteriad directed; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, anterolateral rim moderately stepped (in ventral view), most anterior part hyaline; medially with distinct long, broad, posteriorly truncated and flattened projection. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions yellow, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum absent. Postepigastric scutum absent. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: III, IV d1-0-1; tibiae: III, IV p1-0-1; v0-1-2; r1-0-1; metatarsi: III v0-1-2; r1-0-1; IV d0-0-1; p1-0-1; v0-0-2; r1-0-1. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, embolus tube shaped, abruptly curved prolaterad, distally tapering, ventrally with moderate longitudinal folding, tip flattened, embolus opening located ventrally at 2/3 of embolus length, triangular; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium yellow, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, male palpal cymbium shape in dorsal view subrectangular, tarsal organ with 2 sensilla; cymbial cone present, located next to tarsal organ, close to distal cymbial rim; bulb white, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, basal part bulbous protruding ventrally, narrow, distal part conductor distinctly reduced, short finger-shaped, originating ventroprolaterally at embolus base.
Toloonops jacala, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmppald31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmppalp31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmppalr31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmpcard31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmpcarl31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmpstev31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male bulb, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsbuld31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsbulp31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsbulr31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsembd31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsembp31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsembr31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsembv31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus opening, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsemor31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus opening, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsemov31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmspalp31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmspalr31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmscard31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male labium, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmslabv31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmsstev31140AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male bulb, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmsbuld01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmsbulp01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmsembd01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmsembp01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmsembr01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmspalr01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmstopd01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmpcard01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmpcarl01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmpcara01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmppald01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmppalp01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmppalr01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmpstev01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus opening, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmsemov01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male embolus, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01605)

TolooJacalmsembv01605AO.tif

Toloonops jacala, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31140)

TolooJacalmscara31140AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

MEXICO
Toloonops jacala coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Toloonops jacala, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00021063  MEXICO  Hidalgo  None or Unknown  10-20 mi S of Jacala  1 Adult Male  Holotype    20.78333; -99.18333    20 Jul 1956  W. Gertsch, V. Roth  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001605  MEXICO  Puebla  None or Unknown  Tlacotepec K 224  1 Adult Male      18.68333; -97.65000    25 Jul 1956  W. Gertsch, V. Roth  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00031140  MEXICO  Tamaulipas  None or Unknown  Gomez Farias  1 Adult Male      23.03032; -99.14794    13 Mar 1972  J.A.L. Cooke  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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