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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Orchestina saltabunda Simon, 1893       Get publication


Orchestina saltabunda Simon, 1893b: 447, pl. 9. f. 12 (Dmf).
Orchestina saltabunda Dalmas, 1916: 238, f. 6, 33-34 (mf).

            Male (PBI_OON 42748). Total length 1.23. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; non-marginal pars cephalica setae present, scattered, only sockets were observed; non-marginal pars thoracica setae present; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, posterior eye row slightly recurved in front view, PME largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row recurved from above; ALE separated by more than their diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum as long as wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face with conical apophysis, with one strong tooth near the base of queliceral fang; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, inner margin unmodified. Labium rectangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, round, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, with fringe of setae, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum absent, but abdomen extending anteriad of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum absent. Postepigastric scutum absent. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present. Postepigastric area setae present. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Abdomen setae only sockets were observed. Colulus present. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, stout, spherical.
Orchestina saltabunda, male palp, retrolateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmdpalr42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male carapace, anterior view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmpcara42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male carapace, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmpcard42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male carapace, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmpcarl42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male carapace, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmpcarv42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male habitus, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmphabd42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male habitus, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmphabl42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male palp, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmppald42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male palp, retrolateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmppalr42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, male palp, prolateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAmppalp42748MI.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 42748). Total length 1.56. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace non-marginal pars cephalica setae only sockets were observed. Clypeus sloping forward in lateral view. Eyes posterior eye row slightly recurved in front view. Sternum longer than wide. Mouthparts: Chelicerae anterior face unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent, without lateral joints. Abdomen setae only sockets were observed. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope.
Orchestina saltabunda, female habitus, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAfphabd42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, female habitus, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAfphabl42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, female habitus, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAfphabv42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, female abdomen, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAfpabdv42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAfpifgv42748MI.tif

Orchestina saltabunda, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42748)

ORCHESALTAfdifgv42748MI.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

VENEZUELA
Orchestina saltabunda coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Orchestina saltabunda, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00042748  VENEZUELA  Caracas    Colonia Tovar  17 Adult Female  Syntype  2200  10.41667; -67.30000      Simon  MNHN 
PBI_OON 00042748  VENEZUELA  Caracas    Colonia Tovar  8 Adult Male  Syntype  2200  10.41667; -67.30000      Simon  MNHN 


 
 
 
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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