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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Ponsoonops viejo       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 2401). Total length 1.07. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum longer than wide, yellow, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites posteromedian part with broad triangular projection. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions yellow-reddish ground color, dark purple dots and wide net-like pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering 1/2 to 3/4 of abdomen, between 1/4 and 1/2 abdomen width, fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles, narrow rectangular. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, short, almost rectangular, covering about 1/2 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, divided into 2 platelets. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined, metatarsi metatarsi I and II distoventrally with patch of short setae, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I, II v4-2-2; IV p0-1-0; v0-0-2; r0-1-0; metatarsi: I, II v2-2-2; IV p0-1-0; r0-1-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, broad tube-shaped, dorsoventrally flattened, moderately curved dorsoprolaterad, tip with large opening (collapsed in SEM picture) and prolateral broad and massive projection (some parts broken off); trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia basally moderately inflated, trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone short cone-shaped, tarsal organ with 2 sensilla; bulb white, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, distal part conductor originates at embolus base, basally very broad lamelliform elongated, distal half tappering, longitudinally ripped, tip profile triangular (broken off in SEM picture), as long as embolus.
Ponsoonops viejo, male abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompabda02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompabdd02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompabdl02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompabdv02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompcara02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompcard02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompcarl02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomppald02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomppalp02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---29695)

ponsoviejomppalp29695AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomppalr02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejompstev02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomsembd02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomsembp02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomsembr02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomsemod02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male embolus opening, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomsemop02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomspald02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomspalr02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejomstopd02401AO.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 2401). Total length 1.33. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Sternum pale orange. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions yellow-reddish ground color, dark purple dots and wide net-like pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers connection of posterior spiracles by distal rim of postepigastric sclerite. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum small lateral sclerites present, without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum. Spinneret scutum divided into 2 platelets. Colulus small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: tibiae emerit's glands not examined, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; II p0-1-0; v4-2-2; III p0-1-0; r0-1-0; IV p0-1-0; v0-0-2; r1-1-0; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2; IV p0-1-0; r0-1-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: externally inconspicuous, anterior sclerite and plates somewhat visible through epigastric scutum. Dorsal view: internally with large plate with indistinct lateral extensions, medially protruding, wider than long, covering anterior genitalic process, anterior genitalic process protruding anteriorly, narrowly stalked with distinctly enlarged apex, originating from smaller plate (there are two small plates), cluster of filiform glands present at base of anterior genitalic process, posterior genitalic process (receptaculum) broad pocket-shaped without remarkable duct, weakly sclerotized.
Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpabda02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpabda10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpabdd02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpabdd10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpabdl02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpabdl10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpabdv02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpabdv10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpcara10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpcard02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpcard10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpegsd10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpegsv02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofphabd10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpifgd02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpifgd10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10025)

ponsoviejofpstev10025AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---02401)

ponsoviejofpstev02401AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofpabda49171AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofpabdd49171AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofpabdl49171AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofpabdv49171AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofpegsd49171AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofpegsv49171AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofphabd49171AO.tif

Ponsoonops viejo, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49171)

ponsoviejofpifgd49171AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Ponsoonops viejo coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029695  COSTA RICA  Heredia    La Selva  1 Adult Male  Holotype  150  10.43333; -84.01666    01 Apr 1993  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00002401  COSTA RICA  Heredia    4 km SE Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui, Finca la Selva  1 Adult Female  Paratype    10.42500; -83.98694  litter    C. Griswold  CAS 
PBI_OON 00002401  COSTA RICA  Heredia    4 km SE Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui, Finca la Selva  1 Adult Male  Paratype    10.42500; -83.98694  litter    C. Griswold  CAS 
PBI_OON 00049171  COSTA RICA  Heredia    La Selva  1 Adult Female      10.42214; -84.00152  litter  01 Jan 1700  unknown  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00010025  COSTA RICA  Heredia    OTS La Selva field Sta., Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui, Rio Puerto Viejo  1 Adult Female      10.43333; -83.98333  litter  06 Mar 1973  unknown  FMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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