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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Ponsoonops bollo       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON_0010131). Total length 1.45. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace red-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites anteromedian tip with simple retrolateral protrusion and median more complex, posteromedian part with triangular projection. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions reddish ground color, anterolaterally with narrow dark purple stripes, other parts with net-like pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two indistinct posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, red-brown, without color pattern, covering 1/2 to 3/4 of abdomen, between 1/4 and 1/2 abdomen width, fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles, narrow subrectangular. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, short, almost rectangular, covering about 1/2 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, divided into 2 platelets. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: orange-brown, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined, metatarsi metatarsi I and II distoventrally with patch of short setae, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-0-0; v4-2-2; II v4-2-2; IV p0-1-0; v0-0-2; r0-1-0; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2; IV p0-1-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, broad tube-shaped, distally abruptly narrowed part very short, moderately curved prolaterad, longitudinally folded with ventral slit and distal additional opening, embolus opening subcircular, strongly rebordered, retroventrally with pointed projection; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia basally moderately inflated, trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone short cone-shaped, tarsal organ with 2 sensilla; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, distal part conductor basally fused to embolus base, broad lamelliform elongated, tip broad truncated, longer than embolus.
Ponsoonops bollo, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollompabdd10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollompabdl10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollompabdv10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollompcara10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollompcard10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollompcarl10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomphabd10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomppald10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomppalp10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomppalr10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollompstev10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male cymbium, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomscymd10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male cymbium, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomscymr10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomsembd10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomsembp10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomsembr10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomspald10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomspalp10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomspalr10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomstopd10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomsemod10131AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, male embolus opening, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10131)

ponsobollomsemop10131AO.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 49188). Total length 1.58. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange. Sternum pale orange. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions yellowish ground color, anterolaterally with narrow redbrown stripes, other parts with indistinct pattern of dark spots, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two indistinct posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers onnection of posterior spiracles by distal rim of postepigastric sclerite. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum small lateral sclerites present, without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum pale orange, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum. Spinneret scutum divided into 2 platelets. Colulus small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: pale orange; tibiae emerit's glands not examined, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; r1-0-0; II p0-1-0; v4-2-2; IV p0-1-0; v1-0-2; r1-1-0; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: externally inconspicuous, anterior sclerite and plates somewhat visible through epigastric scutum. Dorsal view: internally with large plate with short lateral extensions, medially protruding, wider than long, covering anterior genitalic process, anterior genitalic process protruding anteriorly, narrowly stalked with distinctly enlarged apex, originating from smaller plate (there are two small plates), cluster of only few filiform glands present at base of anterior genitalic process, posterior genitalic process (receptaculum) pocketlike without remarkable duct, weakly sclerotized, distally covered with distinct spoon-shaped projections (glands).
Ponsoonops bollo, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpabda49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpabdd49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpabdl49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpabdv49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpcara49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpcard49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpcarl49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpegsd49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpifgd49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofpstev49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofsegsd49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofsegsv49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofsifgd49188AO.tif

Ponsoonops bollo, female Receptaculum, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49188)

ponsobollofsrecd49188AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

PANAMA
Ponsoonops bollo coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00049188  PANAMA  Chiriqui    La Fortuna near Finca La Suisse  2 Adult Female    1200  8.73333; -82.25000  oak forest, litter  10 Jun 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010131  PANAMA  Chiriqui    3.5 km E Escopeta  1 Adult Male  Holotype  1856  8.56666; -81.83333  oak forest, litter  20 Jun 1980  J. Wagner  FMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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