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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Ponsoonops lerida       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 49187). Total length 1.51. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, all eyes oval; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum longer than wide, yellow, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization, not sure about fusion of labium and sternum; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites anteromedian tip with simple protrusion, posteromedian part with broad triangular projection with distal setae. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions yellowish ground color, dark purple-brown wide net-like pattern, cardiac mark pale. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, yellow, without color pattern, covering about 1/2 of abdomen, between 1/4 and 1/2 abdomen width, fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles, protruding part of dorsal scutum only at the very anterior part well visible (whole specimen weakly sclerotized). Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, short, almost rectangular, only around epigastric furrow, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, only little longer than posterior spiracles or not visible due to weak sclerotizastion. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, divided into 2 platelets. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined, metatarsi metatarsi I and II distoventrally with patch of short setae, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I v4-2-2; II v4-2-1p; IV v0-0-2; metatarsi: I v2-2-2; II p1-0-0; v2-2-2; IV p0-1-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, broad tube-shaped, moderately curved prolaterad, longitudinally folded with ventral slit, dorsally with a hump, tip narrowed, embolus opening subcircular, distoretrolaterally rebordered; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia basally moderately inflated, trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone not examined, tarsal organ with 2 sensilla (appearing as three?); bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, distal part conductor originates at embolus base, narrow bandlike elongated, almost as long as embolus.
Ponsoonops lerida, male abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmpabda49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmpabdd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmpabdl49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmpabdv49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmpcara49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmpcard49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmphabd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmppald49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmppalp49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmppalr49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmpstev49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmsbulp49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmsembd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmsembp49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmsembr49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male embolus opening, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmsemop49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmspald49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmspalp49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmspalr49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridmstopd49187AO.tif


            Female (PBI_OON_0049187). Total length 1.71. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown. Eyes reduced, tiny; ALE separated by more than their diameter. Sternum pale orange, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings. Mouthparts: Chelicerae cheliceral retromargin with field of denticles; paturon promargin with row of flattened setae. Labium not sure about fusion of labium and sternum. Endites serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions yellow-reddish ground color, dorsoanteriorly with dark purple-brown stripes, laterally with spots and wide net-like pattern, cardiac mark pale. Book lung covers connection of posterior spiracles by distal rim of postepigastric sclerite. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum small lateral sclerites present, without lateral joints, with two lateral sclerites, a very small and more dorsally a larger one. Postepigastric scutum short, not fused to epigastric scutum. Spinneret scutum divided into 2 platelets. Postepigastric area setae plumose. Interscutal membrane without setae. Colulus small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: anterior lateral spinnerets bisegmented, basal segment without oblique membranous strip, with one major ampullate gland spigot and two piriform gland spigots; PMS: posterior median unisegmented, with six spigots; PLS: posterior laterals bisegmented, with nine spigots. LEGS: pale orange; tibiae emerit's glands not examined, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; r1-0-0; II p0-1-0; v4-2-2; IV p0-1-0; v1-0-2; r0-1-0; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2; IV p0-1-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth examined in detail; tarsal proclaws and retroclaws inner face smooth; tarsus I superior claws with five teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, five teeth on median surface of proclaw, five teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw, five teeth on median surface of retroclaw; tarsus II superior claws with four teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, three teeth on median surface of proclaw, three teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw, four teeth on median surface of retroclaw; tarsus III superior claws with four teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, zero teeth on median surface of proclaw, zero teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw; tarsus IV superior claws with three teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, zero teeth on median surface of proclaw, zero teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw, three teeth on median surface of retroclaw. Trichobothria examined with SEM; base longitudinally narrowed, aperture internal texture grate-like, hood covered by numerous low, closely spaced ridges. GENITALIA: Ventral view: externally inconspicuous, anterior sclerite and plates somewhat visible through epigastric scutum. Dorsal view: internally with largeplate, distinctly w-shaped, short lateral extensions, medially protruding, wider than long, covering anterior genitalic process, anterior genitalic process protruding anteriorly, narrowly stalked with distinctly enlarged apex, originating from smaller plate (there are two small plates), cluster of long filiform glands present at base of anterior genitalic process, posterior genitalic process (receptaculum) short duct with subspherical apex, weakly sclerotized, distally with mushroomshaped glands.
Ponsoonops lerida, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfpabda49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfpabdd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfpabdl49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfpabdv49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfphabd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10761)

ponsoleridfpabdd10761AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10761)

ponsoleridfpabdl10761AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10761)

ponsoleridfpabdv10761AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10761)

ponsoleridfpegsd10761AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10761)

ponsoleridfpegsv10761AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10761)

ponsoleridfpifgd10761AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfpifgd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female ALS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsALST49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscara49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscard49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscarl49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female chelicerae, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfschea49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female chelicerae, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscheT49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female claws, leg I, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscl1d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female claws, leg I, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscl1p49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female claws, leg II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscl2d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female claws, leg II, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscl2l49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female claws, leg III, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscl3d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female claws, leg III, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscl3l49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female claws, leg IV, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfscl4d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsegsd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female endites, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsendd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female endites, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsendv49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female eye group, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfseyea49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female eye group, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfseyed49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsifgd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female labium, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfslabv49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female labrum, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfslard49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female leg I, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsle1p49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female leg II, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsle2p49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female leg III, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsle3l49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female metatarsus I, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsme1d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female metatarsus I, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsme1p49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female metatarsus II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsme2d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female metatarsus III, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsme3d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female metatarsus III, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsme3l49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female metatarsus IV, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsme4d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female palp, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfspall49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female PLS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsPLST49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female PMS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsPMST49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female palpal tarsus, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsptal49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female Receptaculum, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsrecd49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female cheliceral retromargin, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsreta49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female cheliceral retromargin, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsretT49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female spinnerets, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsspiT49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsstev49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female trichobothrium, metatarsus II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfstm2d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female tarsal organ, leg I, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsto1d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female tarsal organ, leg III, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsto3d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female tarsal organ, leg IV, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfsto4d49187AO.tif

Ponsoonops lerida, female tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49187)

ponsoleridfstopd49187AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

PANAMA
Ponsoonops lerida coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00049187  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Finca Lerida nr Boquete  1 Adult Male  Holotype  2377  8.81277; -82.48333  forest floor, litter  17 Mar 1959  H. Dybas  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00010761  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Finca Lerida nr Boquete, "Barca Area"  2 Adult Female    1722  8.81277; -82.48333  litter  14 Mar 1959  H. Dybas  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049187  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Finca Lerida nr Boquete  2 Adult Female    2377  8.81277; -82.48333  forest floor, litter  17 Mar 1959  H. Dybas  FMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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