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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Bipoonops pucuna       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON_0049209). Total length 1.50. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, large moderately darkened patch at posterior half of carapace, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin unmodified, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all eyes relatively large, all subequal, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum as long as wide, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface rugose, without pits, microsculpture medially and in furrows, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified, cheliceral retromargin with field of denticles; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites anteromedian part with simple short ridge. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions yellow-reddish ground color, dorsally with dark purplebrown spots and indistinct netlike pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width, fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles, fusion to epigastric scutum only anteromedian, laterally not fused. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, almost semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, divided into 2 platelets. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I v4-2-2; II v4-2-1p; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth examined in detail; tarsal proclaws and retroclaws inner face smooth; tarsus I superior claws with five teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, one tooth on median surface of proclaw, zero teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw, four teeth on median surface of retroclaw; tarsus II superior claws with five teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, one tooth on median surface of proclaw, zero teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw, four teeth on median surface of retroclaw; tarsus III superior claws with four teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, zero teeth on median surface of proclaw, zero teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw; tarsus IV superior claws with zero teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, two teeth on median surface of proclaw, zero teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw, two teeth on median surface of retroclaw. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria examined with SEM; base longitudinally narrowed, aperture internal texture grate-like, hood covered by numerous low, closely spaced ridges. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, basally broad tubelike, distally narrowing, distally bent prolaterad, simple opening; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone short cone-shaped, tarsal organ with 2 sensilla; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, spherical, distal part conductor originates at bulb, ventroprolaterally of embolus, short base, dividing into broad platelike, leaf-shaped ventroprolateral part and moderately flattened narrow elongated projection, moderately longer than platelike part, as long as embolus.
Bipoonops pucuna, male abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpabda49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpabdd49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpabdl49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpabdv49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpcara49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpcard49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpcarl49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmphabd49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmppald49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmppalp49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmppalr49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmpstev49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsbulp49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsbulr49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male conductor, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsconp49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male conductor, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsconr49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmstopd49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsembp49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male conductor, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscond49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male cymbium, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscymd49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscara49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscard49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscarl49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male chelicerae, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmschea49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male chelicerae, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscheT49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male claws, leg IV, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscl4l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male claws, leg III, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscl3l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male claws, leg II, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscl2l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male claws, leg I, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmscl1l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male endites, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsendv49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male eye group, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmseyea49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male labium, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmslabv49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male metatarsus I, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsme1d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male metatarsus II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsme2d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male metatarsus III, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsme3l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsstev49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male tarsal organ, leg I, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsto1d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male tarsal organ, leg II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsto2d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, male tarsal organ, leg III, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunmsto3d49209AO.tif


            Female (PBI_OON_0049209). Total length 1.91. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace with angular posterolateral corners, large moderately darkened patch at posterior half of carapace. Eyes all eyes relatively large. Sternum sternum appears to be smooth. Mouthparts: Chelicerae cheliceral retromargin with field of denticles. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions yellow-reddish ground color, dorsally with dark purplebrown spots and indistinct netlike pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers connection of posterior spiracles by distal rim of postepigastric sclerite. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum. Spinneret scutum divided into 2 platelets. Colulus small plate with 2 setae. Spinnerets: ALS: anterior lateral spinnerets bisegmented, basal segment without oblique membranous strip, with one major ampullate gland spigot and four piriform gland spigots; PMS: posterior median unisegmented, with seven spigots; PLS: posterior laterals bisegmented, with eleven spigots. LEGS: tibiae emerit's glands not examined, tarsi pairs of special setae with distinct flattened clawlike apexes present on tarsi III, IV. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-0-0; v4-2-2; r1-0-0; II v4-2-1p; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2; IV p0-1-0; r0-1-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth examined in detail; tarsus I superior claws with eight teeth on median surface of proclaw, five teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw; tarsus II superior claws with seven teeth on median surface of proclaw, five teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw; tarsus III superior claws with two teeth on median surface of proclaw, two teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw. Trichobothria examined with SEM. GENITALIA: Ventral view: externally inconspicuous, anterior sclerite and plates somewhat visible through epigastric scutum. Dorsal view: internally with large plate with short lateral extensions, medially protruding, longer than wide, covering anterior genitalic process, anterior genitalic process protruding anteriorly, narrowly stalked with distinctly enlarged apex, originating from smaller plate, cluster of filiform glands present at base of anterior genitalic process, posterior genitalic process (receptaculum) subspherical without remarkable duct, bent posteriad, distinctly strong sclerotized, distally covered with glands.
Bipoonops pucuna, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpabda49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpabdd49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpabdl49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpabdv49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpcard49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpegsv49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpifgd49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female spinnerets, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsspiT49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpegsd49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female internal female genitalia, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfpifgp49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscara49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscard49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscarl49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female chelicerae, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfschea49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female chelicerae, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscheT49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female claws, leg I, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscl1l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female claws, leg II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscl2d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female claws, leg III, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscl3l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female claws, leg IV, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscl4d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female claws, leg IV, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfscl4l49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female labium, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfslabv49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female leg I, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsle1p49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female metatarsus I, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsme1d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female metatarsus II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsme2d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female metatarsus III, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsme3d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female metatarsus IV, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsme4d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfspald49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsstev49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female tarsal organ, leg I, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsto1d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female tarsal organ, leg II, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsto2d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female tarsal organ, leg III, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsto3d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female tarsal organ, leg IV, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfsto4d49209AO.tif

Bipoonops pucuna, female tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49209)

bipoopucunfstopd49209AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

ECUADOR
Bipoonops pucuna coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00049209  ECUADOR  Pichincha    R.B. Maquipucuna  1 Adult Female  Paratype  1600  0.09277; -78.62694  ridgetop montane  29 Oct 1999  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049209  ECUADOR  Pichincha    R.B. Maquipucuna  1 Adult Male  Holotype  1600  0.09277; -78.62694  ridgetop montane  29 Oct 1999  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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