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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Costarina cruces       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 51286). Total length 2.46. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with slightly sclerotized triangular projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum undivided, small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum wider than long, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins with bridges to coxae, without posterior hump, with three transverse ridges connected by longitudinal ridge; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face with swelling; promargin with one tooth, retromargin without teeth; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization, anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, ventral prong long, with curved tip, dorsal prong with angular, medially directed projection. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r1-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I v4-4-2; II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-2; II v3-0-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, proximal prong snort, narrow, distal prong with retrolaterally directed projection; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, elongated.
Costarina cruces, male embolus, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucemsembp49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucemsembr49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, male embolus, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucemsembv49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, male palp, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucemppalp49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, male palp, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucemppalr49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, male palp, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucemppalv49244LE.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 49244). Total length 2.60. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area. Chilum small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Eyes ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum with three transverse ridges connected by longitudinal ridge. Labium anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum almost semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I, II p0-0-2; r1-1-1; tibiae: I v4-4-2; II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-2; II v3-0-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: genital atrium short, wide, filled with protuberand sclerotization, anterior genitalic process visible through cuticle as very narrow sclerite.
Costarina cruces, female sternum, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucefpstev49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, female abdomen, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucefpabdv49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, female abdomen, lateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucefpabdl49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucefpifgd49244LE.tif

Costarina cruces, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49244)

Costacrucefpifgv49244LE.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Costarina cruces coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Costarina cruces, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00051286  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Est. Biol. Las Cruces  1 Adult Female  Allotype  1400  8.78694; -82.98694  wet cloud forest, litter  22 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00051286  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Est. Biol. Las Cruces  1 Adult Male  Holotype  1400  8.78694; -82.98694  wet cloud forest, litter  22 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049244  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Est. Biol. Las Cruces, 4 km S San Vito  2 Adult Female    1150  8.78417; -82.96000  wet montane forest, litter  19 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00051287  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Est. Biol. Las Cruces  2 Adult Female    1400  8.78694; -82.98694  wet cloud forest, litter  22 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00051287  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Est. Biol. Las Cruces  1 Adult Male    1400  8.78694; -82.98694  wet cloud forest, litter  22 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049244  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Est. Biol. Las Cruces, 4 km S San Vito  1 Adult Male    1150  8.78417; -82.96000  wet montane forest, litter  19 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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