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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Costarina rafael       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 51214). Total length 2.01. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with slightly sclerotized triangular projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum undivided, small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum wider than long, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins with bridges to coxae, without posterior hump, with three transverse ridges, connected by anastomosing longitudinal ridges; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face with swelling; promargin with one tooth, retromargin without teeth; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization, anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, ventral process wide, short, dorsal process narrow, long. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I, II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-1p; II v3-0-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, distal prong squared, prolateral portion translucent, proximal prong short, narrow; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, elongated.
Costarina rafael, male embolus, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaemsembp51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaemsembr51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, male embolus, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaemsembv51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, male palp, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaemppalp51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, male palp, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaemppalr51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, male palp, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaemppalv51214LE.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 51214). Total length 2.23. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area. Chilum small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Sternum with three transverse ridges, connected by anastomosing longitudinal ridges. Labium anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum almost semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I, II p0-0-2; r1-1-1; tibiae: I v4-4-2; II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-2; II v3-0-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: genital atrium wide, with sinuous posterior margin, anterior margin continued anteriorly as conspicuous sclerotized band.
Costarina rafael, female sternum, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaefpstev51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, female abdomen, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaefpabdv51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, female abdomen, lateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaefpabdl51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaefpifgv51214LE.tif

Costarina rafael, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---51214)

Costarafaefpifgd51214LE.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Costarina rafael coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00051247  COSTA RICA  Cartago    Tapanti National Park, Orapendula trail [1200-1300m]  1 Adult Female    1250  9.75528; -83.78472  mulch  05 Jan 2009  M. Solis  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00051246  COSTA RICA  Cartago    Tapanti National Park, La Pava Trail  1 Adult Male      9.73333; -83.78194  mulch  01 Jul 2009  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00051245  COSTA RICA  Cartago    Tapanti National Park, La Pava Trail  1 Adult Female      9.73333; -83.78194  mulch  07 Apr 2009  M. Solis  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00051245  COSTA RICA  Cartago    Tapanti National Park, La Pava Trail  1 Adult Male      9.73333; -83.78194  mulch  07 Apr 2009  M. Solis  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029775  COSTA RICA  Cartago    Tapanti National Park, Quebrada Segunda  1 Adult Male    1600  9.76250; -83.78639  mulch  20 Nov 1997  R. Delgado  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00051214  COSTA RICA  Heredia    1 km N Montana Azul  2 Adult Male    1500  10.19889; -84.15694  cloud forest  07 May 1987  D. Ubick  CDU 
PBI_OON 00000085  COSTA RICA  Heredia    3.2 km N Jct. Rts. 126(9) and 140, 0.3 km East on road to San Rafael  1 Adult Male  Holotype  1707  10.18278; -84.15250  litter near stream  18 Mar 1991  L. Herman  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00027665  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6 km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    2000  10.18333; -84.11667  litter near stream  16 Apr 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00051214  COSTA RICA  Heredia    1 km N Montana Azul  4 Adult Female    1500  10.19889; -84.15694  cloud forest  07 May 1987  D. Ubick  CDU 
PBI_OON 00027664  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    1900  10.18333; -84.11666  cloud forest  19 Apr 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029822  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Female    1900  10.18333; -84.11666  cloud forest  21 Feb 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027663  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6 km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Female    2000  10.18333; -84.11667  cloud forest  20 Apr 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027659  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Female    1900  10.18333; -84.11666  cloud forest  19 Apr 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029361  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1650  10.31472; -84.79694  cloud forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029361  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1650  10.31472; -84.79694  cloud forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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