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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Costarina elena       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 29360). Total length 2.40. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with slightly sclerotized triangular projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum undivided, small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum wider than long, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins with bridges to coxae, without posterior hump, with three transverse ridges connected by anastomosing longitudinal ridges; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium red-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face with swelling; promargin with one tooth, retromargin without teeth; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization, anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, ventral process shot, wide, dorsal process longer, narrow. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r1-1-0; tibiae: I, II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-1p; II v2-2-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, distal prong enlarged, with invaginated anterior margin, proximal prong long, sinuous, gradually tapered; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, elongated.
Costarina elena, male embolus, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29352)

Costaelenamsembp29352LE.tif

Costarina elena, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29352)

Costaelenamsembr29352LE.tif

Costarina elena, male embolus, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29352)

Costaelenamsembv29352LE.tif

Costarina elena, male palp, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29352)

Costaelenamppalp29352LE.tif

Costarina elena, male palp, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29352)

Costaelenamppalr29352LE.tif

Costarina elena, male palp, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29352)

Costaelenamppalv29352LE.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 29359). Total length 2.31. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area. Chilum small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Eyes ALE separated by their radius to diameter. Sternum with three transverse ridges connected by anastomosing longitudinal ridges. Labium anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum almost semicircular, covering about 2/3 of abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r1-1-1; II p0-0-2; r1-1-0; tibiae: I v4-4-2; II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-1p; II v3-2-0. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: genital atrium very short, wide, with sinuous posterior margin.
Costarina elena, female sternum, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29359)

Costaelenafpstev29359LE.tif

Costarina elena, female abdomen, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29359)

Costaelenafpabdv29359LE.tif

Costarina elena, female abdomen, lateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29359)

Costaelenafpabdl29359LE.tif

Costarina elena, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29359)

Costaelenafpifgv29359LE.tif

Costarina elena, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29359)

Costaelenafpifgd29359LE.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Costarina elena coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Costarina elena, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029360  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve  1 Adult Male  Holotype  1650  10.34500; -84.79805  cloud forest litter  11 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00051264  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Reserva Bosque Nuboso, Sendero Pantanoso  1 Adult Female    1500  10.31240; -84.81630  cloud forest, litter  12 May 1987  D. Ubick  CDU 
PBI_OON 00029352  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  5 Adult Male    1650  10.31472; -84.79694  montane forest, litter  10 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029354  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029357  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1750  10.31472; -84.79694  cloud forest litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029359  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00051264  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Reserva Bosque Nuboso, Sendero Pantanoso  1 Adult Male    1500  10.31240; -84.81630  cloud forest, litter  12 May 1987  D. Ubick  CDU 
PBI_OON 00029354  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029357  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1750  10.31472; -84.79694  cloud forest litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029359  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  3 Adult Male    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00051263  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Male    1500  10.30500; -84.80960  montane forest, litter  23 Feb 1991  H., A Howden  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029353  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  09 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029356  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1800  10.31472; -84.79694  cloud forest litter  10 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029358  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  2 Adult Male    1650  10.31472; -84.79694  montane forest, litter  13 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010578  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Female    1240  10.30500; -84.80960  montane forest, litter  11 May 1989  J. Ashe, R. Leschen, R.Brooks  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00029353  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  09 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029355  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1730  10.31944; -84.83250  montane forest, litter  12 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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